Valerianella locusta

Valerianella locusta (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Dipsacales
Familia: Valerianaceae
Genus: Valerianella
Species: Valerianella locusta

Name

Valerianella locusta (L.) Lat.

Synonyms

* Valerianella olitoria (L.) Pollich

Valerianella locusta

References

* Valerianella locusta (L.) Lat. Report on ITIS

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Ελληνικά : Λυκοτρίβολο
English: Corn salad, Lewiston cornsalad
日本語: ノヂシャ(野萵苣)
Vèneto: Galinèla, Molesin
中文: 莴苣缬草

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Corn salad (Valerianella locusta) is a small dicot annual plant of the family Valerianaceae. It is also called Lewiston cornsalad, lamb's lettuce, field salad, mâche, and rapunzel.

Description
Corn salad grows in a low rosette with spatulate leaves up to 15.2 cm long.[1] It is a hardy plant that grows to zone 5, and in mild climates it is grown as a winter green. In warm conditions it tends to bolt to seed.[2]

Corn salad grows wild in parts of Europe, northern Africa and western Asia.[3] In Europe and Asia it is a common weed in cultivated land and waste spaces. In North America it has escaped cultivation and become naturalized on both the eastern and western seaboards.[4]

History

Corn salad was originally foraged by European peasants until the royal gardener of King Louis XIV, de la Quintinie, introduced it to the world. [5]

Nutrition

Like other formerly foraged greens, corn salad has many nutrients, including three times as much Vitamin C as lettuce, beta-carotene, B6, B9, Vitamin E, and omega-3 fatty acids. It is best if gathered before flowers appear.
References

1. ^ Floridata: Valerianella locusta
2. ^ Plants for a Future: Valerianella locusta
3. ^ United States Department of Agriculture: Germplasm Resources Information Network
4. ^ United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service: Plants profile for Valerianella locusta
5. ^ Organic Gardening Magazine, August-September 2007


Sources

This article incorporates text from the public domain 1911 edition of The Grocer's Encyclopedia.

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Source: Wikispecies, Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

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