Dipsacales

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Dipsacales
Familia: Adoxaceae - Caprifoliaceae - Diervillaceae - Dipsacaceae - Linnaeaceae - Morinaceae - Valerianaceae

Name

Dipsacales Dumortier

Synonyms

* Adoxales
* Caprifoliales
* Lonicerales
* Viburnales

Vernacular name
Internationalization
Magyar: Mácsonyavirágúak
Українська: Черкасоцвіті

The Dipsacales are an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid group of dicotyledons.

Under the Cronquist system, the order included Adoxaceae, Caprifoliaceae, Dipsacaceae, and Valerianaceae. Under the more recent Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG II) system, the circumscription of the order is much the same but the families are circumscribed differently. APG includes Adoxaceae and a broadly circumscribed Caprifoliaceae, the latter including the alternatively acceptable families Diervillaceae, Dipsacaceae, Linnaeaceae, Morinaceae, and Valerianaceae.

Under the APG II definition some well-known members of Dipsacales are honeysuckle, elder, viburnum, and valerian.

A few other families may also belong near this order. These include the Columelliaceae, Paracryphiaceae, and Sphenostemonaceae.

The evolutionary taxonomy of Dipsacales:

Diervillaceae

* Diervilla (Bush Honeysuckle): 3 species
* Weigela: 10 species.

Caprifoliaceae

* Heptacodium (Seven-son Flower): 1 species
* Lonicera, etc.
o Leycesteria: 6 species
o Lonicera (Honeysuckle): 180 species
o Symphoricarpos (Snowberry): 17 species
o Triosteum (Horsegentian): 6 species

Linnaeaceae

* Abelia: 30 species
* Dipelta: 4 species
* Kolkwitzia (Beautybush): 1 species
* Linnaea (Twinflower): 1 species

Morinaceae

* Cryptothladia
* Morina

Dipsacaceae

* Dipsacus, etc.
o Acanthocalyx
o Pterocephalus
o Dipsacus
o Scabiosa
* Triplostegia

Valerianaceae

* Patrina
* Nardostachys
* Centranthus
* Plectritis
* Valeriana
* Valerianella
* Fedia

References

* Bell, C. D., E. J. Edwards, S. T. Kim, & M. J. Donoghue. 2001. Dipsacales phylogeny based on chloroplast DNA sequences. Harvard Papers in Botany 6:481-499.
* Donoghue, M. J., C. D. Bell, & R. C. Winkworth. 2003. The evolution of reproductive characters in Dipsacales. International Journal of Plant Sciences 164:S453-S464

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