List of chemists

This is a list of famous chemists: (alphabetical order). It should include those who have been important to the development or practice of chemistry.

For a list of those chemists who are famous because of other accomplishments, see the section Chemists famous in other areas.


A

* Emil Abderhalden, (1877–1950), Swiss chemist
* Richard Abegg, (1869–1910), German chemist
* Frederick Abel, (1827–1902), English chemist
* Peter Agre, (1949-), American chemist and doctor, 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Georg Agricola, (1494–1555), German scholar known as "the father of mineralogy"
* Arthur Aikin, (1773–1855), English chemist and mineralogist
* Adrien Albert, (1907–1989), Australian Medicinal Chemist
* Kurt Alder, (1902–1958), German chemist, 1950 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Sidney Altman, (1939-), 1989 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Christian B. Anfinsen, (1916–1995), 1972 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Angelo Angeli, an Italian Chemist
* Johan August Arfwedson, (1792–1841), Swedish chemist
* Anton Eduard van Arkel, (1893–1976), Dutch chemist
* Svante Arrhenius, (1859–1927), Swedish chemist, one of the founders of physical chemistry
* Francis William Aston, (1877–1945), 1922 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Amedeo Avogadro,(1776–1856), Italian chemist and physicist

B

* Leo Baekeland, (1863–1944), Belgian-American chemist
* Adolf von Baeyer, (1835–1917), German chemist, 1905 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Piero Baglioni, Italian Chemist
* Hendrik Willem Bakhuis Roozeboom, (1854–1907), Dutch chemist
* Allen J. Bard, (born 1933), 2008 Wolf Prize in Chemistry
* Neil Bartlett, (born 1932), English/Canadian/American chemist
* Sir Derek Barton, (1918–1998), 1969 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Fred Basolo, (1920–2007), American inorganic chemist
* Antoine Baum, (1728–1804), French chemist
* Karl Bayer, (1847–1904), Austrian chemist
* Friedrich Konrad Beilstein, (1838–1906), German-Russian chemist, created Beilstein database
* Irina Beletskaya, (born 1933), Russian organometallic chemist
* Francesco Bellini (1947– ), research scientist, doctor in organic chemistry
* Paul Berg, (born 1926), 1980 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Friedrich Bergius, (1884–1949), 1931 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Marcellin Berthelot, (1827–1907), French chemist
* Claude Louis Berthollet, (1748–1822), French chemist
* Jöns Jakob Berzelius, (1779–1848), Swedish chemist
* Johannes Martin Bijvoet, (1892–1980), Dutch chemist and crystallographer
* Joseph Black, (1728–1799), chemist
* Dale L. Boger, (born 1953), American organic and medicinal chemist
* Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, (1838–1912), French chemist
* Jan Boldingh, (1915–2003), Dutch chemist
* Alexander Borodin, (1833–1887), Russian chemist & composer
* Hans-Joachim Born, German radiochemist
* Carl Bosch, (1872–1940), German chemist
* Paul D. Boyer, (born 1918), 1997 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Robert Boyer, Employee of Henry Ford focus on soybean use.
* Robert Boyle, (1627–1691), Irish pioneer of modern chemistry
* Henri Braconnot, (1780–1855), French chemist and pharmacist
* Johannes Nicolaus Brønsted, (1879–1947), Danish chemist
* Herbert C. Brown, (1912–2004), 1979 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Eduard Buchner, (1860–1917), 1907 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Robert Wilhelm Bunsen, (1811–1899), German inventor, chemist
* Adolf Butenandt, (1903–1995), 1939 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Aleksandr Butlerov, (1828–1886), Russian chemist

C

* Melvin Calvin, (1911–1997), American chemist, winner of 1961 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Georg Ludwig Carius, (1829–1875), German chemist
* Heinrich Caro, (1834–1910), German chemist
* Wallace Carothers, (1896–1937), American chemist
* Stanislao Cannizzaro, Italian Chemist, postulated the Cannizzaro Reaction
* Henry Cavendish, (1731–1810), British scientist
* Thomas Cech, (born 1947), 1989 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Martin Chalfie, (born 1947), 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Yves Chauvin, (born 1930), 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Aaron Ciechanover, (born 1947), 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Giacomo Luigi Ciamician, Italian Chemist, Father of the Solar Panel
* Ernst Cohen, (1869–1944), Dutch chemist (murdered in Auschwitz)
* Elias James Corey, (born 1928), American organic chemist, winner of the 1990 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Robert Corey (1897 – 1971), American biochemist
* John Cornforth, (born 1917), Australian winner of the 1975 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Frank Albert Cotton, (1930–2007), 2000 Wolf Prize in Chemistry
* Charles Coulson (1910–1974), British theoretical chemist
* James Crafts, (1839–1917), American chemist, developer of Friedel-Crafts reaction
* Donald J. Cram, (1919 – 2001), American chemist, winner of the 1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Paul J. Crutzen, (1933), Dutch chemist, winner of the 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Marie Curie, (1867–1934), Polish radiation physicist, 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics, 1911 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Pierre Curie, (1859–1906), 1903 Nobel Prize in Physics
* Robert Curl, (born 1933), winner of 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Theodor Curtius, (1857–1928), German chemist

D

* John Dalton, (1766–1844), physicist and pioneer of the atomic theory
* Carl Peter Henrik Dam, (1895–1976), Danish biochemist, winner of the 1943 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
* Vincenzo, Count Dandolo, Italian Nobleman and Chemist
* Samuel J. Danishefsky, (born 1936), American organic chemist, natural product Total synthesis, 1995/6 Wolf Prize in Chemistry
* Raymond Davis, Jr., (1914–2006), American physical chemist
* Humphry Davy, (1778–1829)
* Peter Debye, (1884–1966), Dutch chemist, winner of the 1936 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Johann Deisenhofer, (born 1943), 1988 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Sir James Dewar, (1842–1923)
* François Diederich, (born 1952), Luxembourg chemist
* Otto Diels, (1876–1954), German chemist, winner of the 1950 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Edward Doisy, (1893– 1986), American biochemist, winner of the 1943 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
* Davorin Dolar, (1921–2005), chemist from Univ. of Ljubljana
* David Adriaan van Dorp, (1915–1995), Dutch chemist
* Cornelius Drebbel, (1572–1633), Dutch inventor, alchemist and chemist
* Jean Baptiste Dumas, (1800–1884), French chemist
* Vincent du Vigneaud, (1901–1978), 1955 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

E

* Paul Ehrlich, (1854–1915), German chemist, winner of the 1908 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
* Arthur Eichengrün, (1867–1949)
* Manfred Eigen, (born 1927), German chemist, winner of the 1967 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Mostafa El-Sayed, Egyptian-American physical chemist
* Fausto Elhuyar, (1755–1833), Spanish chemist, discoverer of tungsten
* Emil Erlenmeyer, (1825–1909), German chemist
* Richard R. Ernst, (born 1933), 1991 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Gerhard Ertl, (born 1936), German physical chemist, 2007 Nobel prize in chemistry
* Hans von Euler-Chelpin, (1873–1964), Swedish chemist, winner of the 1929 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Henry Eyring, (1901–1981), Mexican-American theoretical chemist
* Exili

F

* Kazimierz Fajans, (1887–1975), Polish-American physical chemist
* Michael Faraday (1791–1867), scientist
* Hermann von Fehling, (1812–1885), German chemist
* John Bennett Fenn, (born 1917), 2002 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Enrico Fermi, (born 1901), Nuclear Chemist and Elementary Particle Physicist
* Emil Fischer (1852–1919), 1902 Nobel Prize in Chemistry, (actual name Hermann Emil Fischer, see below) not to be confused with:
* Franz Joseph Emil Fischer (1877–1947)
* Ernst Gottfried Fischer (1754–1831), German chemist
* Ernst Otto Fischer (1918–2007), German chemist, 1973 Nobel Prize in Chemistry winner
* Hans Fischer (1881–1945), German organic chemist, 1930 Nobel Prize in Chemistry winner
* Hermann Emil Fischer, (1852–1919), 1902 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Nicolas Flamel, French alchemist
* Paul Flory, (1910–1985), 1974 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Rosalind Franklin (1920–1958), British Chemist and Crystallographer
* Carl Remigius Fresenius (1818–1897), German chemist
* Charles Friedel, (1832–1899), French chemist, developer of Friedel-Crafts reaction
* Alexander Naumovich Frumkin (1895–1976), electrochemist and chemist
* Kenichi Fukui, (1918–1998), 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

G

* Johan Gadolin, (1760–1852), Finnish chemist
* Merrill Garnett, (born 1930), American biochemist
* Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, (1778–1850), French chemist and physicist
* William Giauque, (1895–1982), 1949 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Josiah Willard Gibbs (1839 – 1903), American engineer, chemist and physicist
* Walter Gilbert, (born 1932), 1980 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Johann Rudolf Glauber, (1604–1670), Dutch-German alchemist and chemist
* Theodore Nicolas Gobley, (1811 - 1874), French chemist, pioneer in brain tissues analysis, discoverer of lecithin
* Victor Goldschmidt, (1888–1947) Father of Modern Geochemistry
* David van Goorle also called Gorlaeus, (1591–1612), Dutch chemist
* Thomas Graham, (1805–1869)
* Harry B. Gray, (born 1935), 2004 Wolf Prize in Chemistry
* Francois Auguste Victor Grignard, (1871–1935), 1912 Nobel Prize in Chemistry corecipient
* Robert H. Grubbs, (born 1942), 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

H

* Fritz Haber, (1868–1934) 1918 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Otto Hahn, (1879–1968) 1944 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* John Scott Haldane,(1860–1936), British biochemist
* Charles Martin Hall, (1863–1914), American chemist
* Arthur Harden, (1865–1940), English biochemist and winner of the shared Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1929
* Odd Hassel, (1897–1981), Norwegian chemist 1969 Nobel Prize in chemistry
* Charles Hatchett, (1765–1847), English chemist who discovered niobium
* Herbert A. Hauptman, (born 1917), 1985 Nobel Prize in chemistry
* Robert Havemann, (1910–1982), chemist
* Walter Haworth, (1883-1950), 1937 Nobel Prize in chemistry
* Clayton Heathcock, American Chemist
* Alan J. Heeger, (born 1936), 2000 Nobel Prize in chemistry
* Dudley R. Herschbach, (1932-), American chemist, 1986 Nobel Prize in chemistry
* Avram Hershko, (born 1937), 2004 Nobel Prize in chemistry
* Charles Herty, American Chemist
* Gerhard Herzberg, (1904–1999), German-Canadian chemist, 1971 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Germain Henri Hess, (1802–1850), Swiss-born Russian chemist
* György von Hevesy, George de Hevesy, (1885–1966), Hungarian born chemist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in chemistry 1943
* Jaroslav Heyrovský, (1890–1967), Czech chemist, 1959 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Cyril Norman Hinshelwood, (1897–1967), English physical chemist and winner of the shared Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1956
* Dorothy Hodgkin, (1910–1994), 1964 Nobel Prize in chemistry
* Jacobus Henricus van 't Hoff, (1852–1911), Dutch physical chemist, 1901 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Friedrich Hoffmann, (1660–1742), physician and chemist
* Roald Hoffmann, (born 1937), Polish-born American chemist, 1981 Nobel Prize in chemistry
* Albert Hofmann, (1906-2008), Swiss chemist, synthesized Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)
* August Wilhelm von Hofmann, (1818–1892) German organic chemist
* Heinrich Hubert Maria Josef Houben, (1875–1940) German organic chemist
* Coenraad Johannes van Houten, (1801–1887), Dutch chemist and chocolate maker, invented cocoa powder
* Amir H. Hoveyda, US-based chemist working in asymmetric catalysis
* Robert Huber, (born 1937), 1988 Nobel Prize in chemistry

I

* Sir Christopher Kelk Ingold (1893–1970), English chemist

J

* Paul Janssen (1926–2003), Belgian founder of Janssen Pharmaceutica.
* Frédéric Joliot-Curie (1900–1958), French chemist and physicist, 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Irène Joliot-Curie (1897–1956), French chemist and physicist, 1935 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

K

* Henri B. Kagan, (born 1930), 2001 Wolf Prize in Chemistry
* Jerome Karle, (born 1918), 1985 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Paul Karrer, (1889–1971), 1937 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Karl Wilhelm Gottlob Kastner (1783–1857)
* August Kekulé, (1829–1896), German organic chemist
* John Kendrew, (1917–1997), 1962 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Petrus Jacobus Kipp, (1808–1864), Dutch chemist, inventor of Kipp-generator
* Martin Heinrich Klaproth, (1743–1817), German chemist
* Trevor Kletz (born 1922) British promoter of industrial safety
* Aaron Klug, (born in 1926), winner of the 1982 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Emil Knoevenagel, (1865–1921)
* William Standish Knowles, (born 1917), 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Walter Kohn, (born 1923), 1998 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
* Adolph Wilhelm Hermann Kolbe, (1818–1884)
* Izaak Kolthoff, (1894–1993), Dutch-American chemist, the "Father of Analytical Chemistry"
* Roger D. Kornberg, (born 1947), 2006 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Harold Kroto, (born 1939), English chemist, 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Richard Kuhn (1900–1967), 1938 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.

L

* Irving Langmuir, (1881–1957), chemist, physicist, 1932 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Paul Lauterbur, (1929–2007), American chemist
* Antoine Lavoisier, (1743–1794), French pioneer chemist
* Nicolas Leblanc, (1742–1806), French chemist and surgeon
* Henri Louis Le Chatelier, (1850–1936)
* Yuan T. Lee, (born 1936), winner of 1986 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Jean-Marie Lehn, (born 1939), French chemist, shared 1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Luis Federico Leloir, (1906–1987), Argentine biochemist and winner of the 1970 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Raymond Lemieux, (1920–2000), 1999 Wolf Prize in Chemistry
* Gilbert Newton Lewis, (1875–1946), American chemist and first Dean of the Berkeley College of Chemistry
* Andreas Libavius, (1555–1616), German doctor and chemist
* Willard Libby (1908–1980), American chemist, winner of 1960 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Justus von Liebig, (1803–1873), German inventor
* William Lipscomb, (born 1919), 1976 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Joseph Lister, 1st Baron Lister, (1827–1912), English surgeon
* Arthur H. Livermore, (1915–2009), Science Educator and chemist
* H. Christopher Longuet-Higgins, British Chemist
* Martin Lowry, (1874–1936), British chemist
* Sima Lozanić (1847–1935), Serbian Chemist
* Ignacy Łukasiewicz, (1802–1882), Polish pharmacist

M

* Alan MacDiarmid, (1927–2007), 2000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Carolina Henriette Mac Gillavry, (1904–1993), Dutch chemist and crystallographer
* Roderick MacKinnon, (born 1956), 2003 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Pierre Macquer, (1718–1784), influential French chemist
* Rudolph A. Marcus, (born 1923), 1992 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Vladimir Vasilevich Markovnikov, (1838–1904)
* Tobin J. Marks, (1944), American inorganic chemist and material scientist
* Alan G. Marshall, American chemist, co-inventor of Fourier transform ion cyclotron resonance (FT-ICR) mass spectrometry
* Archer John Porter Martin, (1910–2002), 1952 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Martinus van Marum, (1750–1837), Dutch chemist
* Edwin McMillan, (1907–1991), 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Lise Meitner, (1878–1968), German physicist
* Dmitri Ivanovich Mendeleev, (1834–1907), Russian chemist, creator of the Periodic Table of Elements
* John Mercer, (1791–1866), chemist and industrialist
* Robert Bruce Merrifield, (1921–2006), solid-phase chemist, 1984 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Lothar Meyer, (1830–1895), not to be confused with:
* Viktor Meyer, (1848–1897)
* August Michaelis (1847–1916), German chemist
* Hartmut Michel, (born 1948), 1988 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Stanley Miller (born 1930), American chemist, best known for the Miller-Urey experiment
* Luis E. Miramontes (1925–2004), co-inventor of the combined oral contraceptive pill
* Peter D. Mitchell, (1920–1992), 1978 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* William A. Mitchell, (1911–2004), key inventor behind Pop Rocks, Tang, and Kool Whip
* Alexander Mitscherlich, (1836–1918), chemist
* Henri Moissan, (1852–1907), French chemist and the winner of the 1906 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Mario J. Molina, (born 1943), 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Jacques Monod, (1910–1976), biochemist, winner of Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1965
* Peter Moore (born 1939), American biochemist, Sterling Professor of Chemistry at Yale University
* Stanford Moore, (1913–1982), 1972 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Henry Gwyn Jeffreys Moseley (1887–1915), English physicist, discovered Moseley's law
* Gerardus Johannes Mulder, (1802–1880), Dutch organic chemist
* Robert S. Mulliken, (1896–1986), American physicist, chemist, 1966 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Kary Mullis, (born 1944), 1993 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

N

* Robert Nalbandyan, (1937–2002), Armenian protein chemist
* Giulio Natta, (1903–1979), Italian chemist, 1963 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Costin Nenitescu, (1902–1970), Romanian chemist
* Antonio Neri, (1500s–1614), Florentine chemist and glassmaker
* Walther Nernst, (1864–1941), German chemist, 1920 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* John Alexander Reina Newlands, (1837–1898), English analytical chemist
* William Nicholson, (1753–1815), English chemist
* Kyriacos Costa Nicolaou, American-Cypriot chemist
* Alfred Nobel, (1833–1896), Swedish chemist
* Ronald George Wreyford Norrish, (1897–1978), 1967 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* John Howard Northrop, (1891–1987), 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Ryoji Noyori, (born 1938), 2001 Wolf Prize in Chemistry, 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Ralph Nuzzo, American chemist and materials scientist

O

* George Andrew Olah, (born 1927), 1994 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Lars Onsager, (1903–1976), physical chemist, 1968 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Hans Christian Ørsted, First to isolate aluminum
* Wilhelm Ostwald, (1853–1932), 1909 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

P

* Paracelsus, (1493–1541), alchemist
* Rudolph Pariser, (born 1923), theoretical and organic chemist
* Robert G. Parr, (born 1921), theoretical chemist
* Louis Pasteur, (1822–1895), French biochemist
* Linus Pauling, (1901–1994), Nobel Prizes in chemistry and peace
* Charles J. Pedersen, (1904–1989), 1987 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Eugène-Melchior Péligot, (1811-1890) French chemist who isolated the uranium metal
* William Henry Perkin, (1838–1907) British organic chemist and inventor of mauveine (dye)
* William Henry Perkin, Jr., (1860–1929) British organic chemist, son of Sir William Henry Perkin
* Max Perutz, (1914-2002), 1962 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* David Andrew Phoenix, (born 1966), Biochemist
* Roy J. Plunkett, (1910–1994), discoverer of Teflon
* John Charles Polanyi, (born 1929), Canadian chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1986.
* John A. Pople, (1925–2004), theoretical chemist, 1998 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* George Porter, (1920–2002), 1967 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Fritz Pregl, (1869–1930), chemist, Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1923.
* Vladimir Prelog, (1906–1998), 1975 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Joseph Priestley, (1733–1804)
* Ilya Prigogine, (1917–2003), 1977 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Q
R

* Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, (born 1952), 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Cooper Randall MIT Biochemist
* William Ramsay, (1852–1916), Scottish chemist, 1904 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Henry Rapoport, American chemist, UC Berkeley
* William Sage Rapson, South African Chemist and co-author of Gold Usage
* Julius Rebek, (1944), Hungarian_American chemist.
* Henri Victor Regnault (1810–1878), French chemist and physicist
* Tadeus Reichstein, (1897–1996), chemist, 1950 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine
* Rhazes (Razi), Iranian Chemist .(865–925)
* Stuart A. Rice, (born 1932), physical chemist
* Theodore William Richards, (1868–1928), 1914 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Wim Richter, South Africa
* Ellen Swallow Richards, (1842–1911), industrial and environmental chemist.
* Jeremias Benjamin Richter, (1762–1807), German chemist
* Nikolaus Riehl, Germany (1901–1990)
* Andrés Manuel del Río, (1764–1849), Spanish-Mexican geochemist, discovered vanadium
* Robert Robinson (1886-1975), 1947 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Pierre Jean Robiquet (1780 - 1840), French chemist, discovered caffeine, alizarin, cantharidin
* Hillar Rootare (1928) Estonian-American Physical Chemist
* Irwin Rose, (born 1926), 2004 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Guillaume-François Rouelle, (1703–1770), French chemist
* H. M. Rouell, (1718–1779), French chemist
* Frank Sherwood Rowland, (born 1927), 1995 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Daniel Rutherford, (1749–1819), Scottish chemist
* Ernest Rutherford, (1871–1937), New Zealand born chemist and nuclear physicist. Discovered the Proton. Nobel Prize in Chemistry 1908
* Leopold Ruzicka (Lavoslav Ružička) , (1887–1976), 1939 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

S

* Paul Sabatier, (1854–1941), 1912 Nobel Prize in Chemistry corecipient
* Frederick Sanger, (born 1918), 1958 and 1980 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Carl Wilhelm Scheele, (1742–1786), Swedish 18th century chemist, discovered numerous elements
* Stuart L. Schreiber, (born 1956), American chemist, a pioneer in a field of chemical biology
* Richard R. Schrock, (born 1945), 2005 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Peter Schultz, American chemist
* Glenn T. Seaborg, (1912–1999), 1951 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Nils Gabriel Sefström, (1787–1845), chemist.
* Francesco Selmi, (1817–1881), Italian chemist.
* Nikolay Nikolayevich Semyonov, (1896–1986), physicist and chemist, 1956 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* K. Barry Sharpless, (born 1941), 2001 Wolf Prize in Chemistry, 2001 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Patsy O. Sherman (born 1930), 12 US Patents
* Osamu Shimomura, (born 1928), 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Hideki Shirakawa, (born 1936), 2000 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Alexander Shulgin, (born 1925), Pioneer researcher in Psychopharmacology and Entheogens
* Salimuzzaman Siddiqui, (1897–1994), Pakistani chemist, pioneer in natural products chemistry
* Oktay Sinanoglu, (born 1935), Turkish chemist
* Jens Christian Skou, (born 1918), 1997 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Richard Smalley, (1943–2005), 1996 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Michael Smith, (1932–2000), 1993 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Ascanio Sobrero, (1812–1888), Italian chemist, discoverer of nitroglycerin
* Frederick Soddy, (1877–1956), British chemist, 1921 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Susan Solomon, American atmospheric chemist
* Ernest Solvay, (1838–1922), Belgian chemist and industrialist
* S.P.L. Sørensen, (1868–1939), Danish chemist
* Gabor A. Somorjai, (born 1935), 1998 Wolf Prize in Chemistry
* Wendell Meredith Stanley, (1904–1971), 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Branko Stanovnik, (born 1938), chemist.
* Hermann Staudinger, (1881–1965), polymer chemist, 1953 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* William Howard Stein, (1911–1980), 1972 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Thomas A. Steitz, (born 1940), 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Alfred Stock, (1876–1946)
* Fraser Stoddart, (born 1945), Scottish chemist, a pioneer in the field of the mechanical bond
* Gilbert Stork, (born 1921), 1995/6 Wolf Prize in Chemistry
* James B. Sumner, (1887–1955), 1946 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Theodor Svedberg, (1884–1971), 1926 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Joseph Swan, (1828–1914), English physicist, chemist & inventor
* Richard Laurence Millington Synge, (1914-1994), 1952 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

T

* Koichi Tanaka, (born 1959), 2002 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Henry Taube, (1915-2005), 1983 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Arne Tiselius, (1902-1971), 1948 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Max Tishler, (1906-1989), 1970 Priestley Medal
* Alexander R. Todd, Baron Todd, (1907-1997), 1957 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Evangelista Torricelli, Italian Physicist and Chemist who invented the Barometer, pupil of Galileo
* Roger Y. Tsien, (born 1952), 2008 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

U

* Harold Clayton Urey, (1893–1981), 1934 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

V

* Lauri Vaska, (born 1925), Estonian/American chemist
* Artturi Ilmari Virtanen, (1895–1973), chemist, Nobel Prize laureate
* Max Volmer, Germany (1885–1965)
* Alessandro Volta, (1745–1827), electrochemist, Invented the Voltaic Cell

W

* Johannes Diderik van der Waals, (1837–1923)
* Sir James Walker (1863–1935), Scottish physical chemist
* John E. Walker, (born 1941), 1997 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Otto Wallach, (1847–1931), 1910 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Alfred Werner, (1866–1919), 1913 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Peter Jaffrey Wheatley (1921–1997)
* George M. Whitesides, (born 1939), American chemist
* Heinrich Otto Wieland (1877–1957) German chemist 1927 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Harvey W. Wiley, (1844–1930), US chemist, Pure food & drug advocate
* Sir Geoffrey Wilkinson, (1921–1996), 1973 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Richard Willstätter, (1872–1942), 1915 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, (1876–1959), 1928 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Günter Wirths, Germany
* Georg Wittig, 1897–1987), 1979 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Friedrich Wöhler, (1800–1882), German chemist
* William Hyde Wollaston, (1766–1828), English chemist
* Robert B. Woodward (1917–1979), 1965 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Charles-Adolphe Wurtz, (1817–1884)
* Kurt Wüthrich, (born 1938), 2002 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

X

* Xiaoliang Sunney Xie, (born 1962), chemist at Harvard University. A pioneer in the field of Single Molecule Microscopy and CARS (Coherent Anti-Stokes Raman Spectroscopy) microscopy.

Y

* Ada Yonath, (born 1939), 2006/7 Wolf Prize in Chemistry, 2009 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Sabir Yunusov, (1909–1995), Soviet chemist (alkaloids)

Z

* Richard Zare, (born 1939), 2005 Wolf Prize in Chemistry
* Ahmed H. Zewail, (born 1946), Egyptian, 1999 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his work on femtochemistry.
* Karl Ziegler, (1898–1973), 1963 Nobel Prize in Chemistry
* Richard Adolf Zsigmondy, (1865–1929), 1925 Nobel Prize in Chemistry

Chemists famous in other areas

* Marion Barry, (born 1936), Masters in Organic Chemistry, American politician
* Jerry Buss, (born 1934), PhD in Physical Chemistry, owner of the NBA LA Lakers and other sports franchises
* Emmanuel Dongala, (born 1941), Congolese chemist and novelist
* Primo Levi, (1919–1987), resistance fighter, chemist and novelist
* Angela Merkel, (born 1954), Doctorate in Quantum Chemistry, Chancellor of Germany 2005-
* Knute Rockne, (1888–1931), head football coach of Notre Dame
* Israel Shahak, (1933–2001)
* Margaret Thatcher, (born 1925), Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1979 - 1990), Research chemist at BX Plastics

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