Ceyx erithaca, Photo: Michael Lahanas
Ceyx erithaca (Linnaeus, 1758)
* Ceyx erithacus
Systema Naturae ed.10 p.115
The Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher also known as the Black-backed Kingfisher (Ceyx erithaca) is a species of bird in the Alcedinidae family. Small red and yellow kingfisher, yellow underparts with bluish-black upperparts. This is a widespread resident of lowland forest. It is found in Bangladesh, Bhutan, Brunei, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.
The preferred habitat is small streams in densely shaded forests. In southwestern India, it begins to breed with the onset of the Southwest Monsoon in June. The nest is a horizontal tunnel up to a metre in length. The clutch of 4-5 eggs hatches in 17 days with both the male and female incubating. The birds fledge after 20 days and a second brood may be raised if the first fails. The young are fed with geckos, skinks, snails, frogs, crickets and dragonflies.
1. ^ BirdLife International 2004. Ceyx erithaca. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.
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