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Transistor tester

Transistor testers are instruments for testing the electrical behavior of transistors and solid-state diodes.[1]


Types of tester

There are three types of transistor testers each performing a unique operation.

Quick-check in-circuit checker
Service type tester
Laboratory-standard tester

In addition, curve tracers are reliable indicators of transistor performance.

Circuit Tester

A circuit tester is used to check whether a transistor which has previously been performing properly in a circuit is still operational. The transistor's ability to "amplify" is taken as a rough index of its performance. This type of tester indicates to a technician whether the transistor is dead or still operative. The advantage of this tester is that the transistor does not have to be removed from the circuit.

Service type transistor testers

These devices usually perform three types of checks:

Forward-current gain,or beta of transistor.
Base-to-collector leakage current with emitter open(ico)
Short circuits from collector to emitter and base.

Some service testers include a go/no-go feature. Some also provide a means of identifying transistor elements, if these are unknown. The tester has all these features and can check solid-state devices in and out of circuit. Measurements with the service type tester are relative rather than absolute. Even so, they are valuable to a technician in maintaining transistorised equipment.

Laboratory-standard transistor tester or Analyser

This type of tester is used for measuring transistor parameters dynamically under various operating conditions. The readings they give are absolute. Among the important characteristics measured are:

Icbo collector current with emitter open (Common base)
ac beta (Common emitter)
Rin (Input resistance)

Transistor testers have the necessary controls and switches for making the proper voltage, current and signal settings. A meter with a calibrated "good" and "bad" scale is on the front. In addition, these transistor testers are designed to check the solid-state diodes. There are also testers for checking high transistor and rectifiers.

References

^ Earl D. Gates (2000). Introduction to Electronics: A Practical Approach. Thomson Delmar Learning. ISBN 0766816982.

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