The Zeitschrift für Physik (Journal of Physics) was a German academic journal published from 1920 until 1997. During the early 20th century, it was considered one of the most prestigious journals in physics. In 1998, it was in effect continued as The European Physical Journal.
From the time of its creation in 1845, the Physics Society of Berlin (Physikalische Gesellschaft zu Berlin) published Fortschritte der Physik and Verhandlungen, but by 1919, the Verhandlungen had become too voluminous, so a committee consisting of Albert Einstein, Eugene Goldstein, Fritz Haber, E. Jahnke, K. Scheel and W. Westphal was formed. The committee recommended that a new journal, the Zeitschrift für Physik, should be established for original research articles. It began publication the following year.
In 1975, "Zeitschrift für Physik" was merged with Physics of Condensed Matter ISSN 0340-2347 and split into two:
* Part A "Atoms and Nuclei" ISSN 0939-7922
* Part B "Condensed Matter and Quanta". ISSN 0722-3277
Two additional parts were later added:
* Part C "Particles and Fields" (added in 1979) ISSN 0170-9739
* Part D "Atoms, Molecules and Clusters" (added in 1986). ISSN 0178-7683
This four-part journal was published by Springer-Verlag under the auspices of the Deutsche Physikalische Gesellschaft until 1997.
In the late 1990s, Springer-Verlag and Les Editions de Physique, the publisher of the French Physical Society, decided to merge Zeitschrift für Physik and Journal de Physique. With the addition of Il Nuovo Cimento, the European Physical Journal (EPJ) commenced publication January 01, 1998.
The EPJ is published in the following series:
* EPJ A - Hadrons and Nuclei (the continuation of Part A)
* EPJ B - Condensed Matter (the continuation of Part B)
* EPJ C - Particles and Fields (the continuation of Part C)
* EPJ D - Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics (the continuation of Part D)
* EPJ E - Soft Matter
* EPJ ST - Special topics
* EPJ AP - Applied Physics
* GRG - General Relativity and Gravitation