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Otto Stolz (3 July 1842 - 23 November 1905)[1] was an Austrian mathematician noted for his work on mathematical analysis and infinitesimals. Born in Hall in Tirol, he studied in Innsbruck from 1860 and in Vienna from 1863, receiving his habilitation there in 1867. Two years later he studied in Berlin under Karl Weierstrass, Ernst Kummer and Leopold Kronecker, and in 1871 heard lectures in Göttingen by Alfred Clebsch and Felix Klein (with whom he would later correspond), before returning to Innsbruck permanently as a professor of mathematics.

His work began with geometry (on which he wrote his thesis) but after the influence of Weierstrass it shifted to real analysis, and many small useful theorems are credited to him. For example, he proved that a continuous function f on [a,b] with the property f(½(x+y)) ≤ ½(f(x)+f(y)) is differentiable on (a,b).[2]

He died in 1905 shortly after finishing work on Einleitung in die Funktionentheorie. His name lives on in the Stolz-Cesàro theorem.


1. ^ The Österreich-Lexikon and Almanach der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften for 1906 agree on 3 July 1842 - 23 November 1905. The MacTutor article gives 3 May 1842 to 25 October 1905.
2. ^ Introduction to Mathematical inequalities. B. G. Pachpatte. 2005.

External links

* Almanach for 1906, containing obituary
* O'Connor, John J.; Robertson, Edmund F., "Otto Stolz", MacTutor History of Mathematics archive, University of St Andrews, http://www-history.mcs.st-andrews.ac.uk/Biographies/Stolz.html .
* Österreich Lexikon, containing Stolz's photograph
* [1] Haus Der Mathematik


Mathematics Encyclopedia

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