Hellenica World

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Element 116 (ununhexium)

Astronomy and space exploration

The NEAR Shoemaker spacecraft lands in the "saddle" region of 433 Eros, becoming the first spacecraft to land on an asteroid.
The Genesis spacecraft is launched.
NASA's Galileo spacecraft passes within 112 miles (180 km) of Jupiter's moon Io.
June 21 – Total solar eclipse
December 14 – Annular solar eclipse

Biology

January 8 – The first animal from an endangered species produced by cloning, a gaur named Noah, is born at Trans Ova Genetics in Sioux Center, Iowa. He dies within 48 hours of a common dysentery.[1][2]
January – The second animal from an endangered species produced by cloning, a European mouflon lamb, is born in Italy.[3]
February – The publicly funded Human Genome Project, led by Francis Collins and the privately funded Celera effort, led by Craig Venter simultaneously publish their decoding of the human genome (in Nature and Science, respectively).
Craig Venter and Mark Adams complete the genetic map of the laboratory mouse.
Fossil remains of the whale Rodhocetus balochistanensis found in Balochistan Province, Pakistan, by Philip D. Gingerich.[4]

Computer science

December – The C# programming language specification is released.
In quantum computing, the first working 7-qubit NMR computer is demonstrated at IBM's Almaden Research Center, demonstrating Shor's algorithm.
The Walkman Circ is released.

Medicine

July 2 – The world's first self-contained artificial heart is implanted in Robert Tools.
Adult-onset basal ganglia disease caused by FTL mutations is described.

Deaths

February 24 – Claude E. Shannon (b. 1916), mathematician.
May 28 – Francisco Varela (b. 1946), biologist and philosopher.
August 9 – Sir Alec Skempton (b. 1914), pioneer of soil science and engineering historian.
August 20 – Fred Hoyle (b. 1915), astronomer and science fiction writer.
September 2 – Christiaan Barnard (b. 1922), surgeon.
November 30 – Robert Tools (b. 1942), first recipient of a self-contained artificial heart, after 151 days without a living heart.
December 5 – Franco Rasetti (b. 1901), physicist.
December 12 – Robert Schommer (b. 1946), astronomer.

References

^ "First cloned endangered animal was born at 7:30 pm on Monday, 8 January 2001". Advanced Cell Technology, Inc. 2001-01-12. Archived from the original on 2008-05-31. Retrieved 2006-09-18.
^ Bailey, Britt (2000). "Cloning the Gaur". CETOS. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
^ Briggs, Helen (2001-10-01). "Endangered sheep cloned". BBC News. Retrieved 2011-11-02.
^ "Philip D. Gingerich Ph.D.". Expert List. University of Michigan. Retrieved 2011-11-02.

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15 January 2001 discovery of 42113 Jura

11 February 2001 discovery of 43511 Cima Ekar

14 February 2001 discovery of 42191 Thurmann

17 June 2001 Death of Donald James Cram

29 July 2001 discovery of 30566 Stokes

2001 discovery of Aitne

2001 discovery of Autonoe

2001 discovery of Eurydome

2001 discovery of Thyone

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31 March 2001 Death of Clifford Glenwood Shull

1 Juily 2001 Death of Nikolay Gennadiyevich Basov

20 August 2001 Death of Fred Hoyle in Bournemouth, Dorset, England

2001 Death of John Myrick Dawson

Nobel Prize

Physics to Eric A. Cornell, Wolfgang Ketterle and Carl E. Wieman "for the achievement of Bose-Einstein condensation in dilute gases of alkali atoms, and for early fundamental studies of the properties of the condensates"

Chemistry to William S. Knowles and Ryoji Noyori "for their work on chirally catalysed hydrogenation reactions" andto Karl Barry Sharpless "for his work on chirally catalysed oxidation reactions"

Physiology or Medicine to Leland H. Hartwell, Tim Hunt and Sir Paul M. Nurse "for their discoveries of key regulators of the cell cycle"

Popular Science Jan 2001

Popular Science Feb 2001

Popular Science Apr 2001

Popular Science May 2001

Popular Science Jul 2001

Popular Science Sep 2001

Popular Science Oct 2001

Popular Science Dec 2001

Source: Wikipedia, : All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Chronology

2000 - 2001 - 2002

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