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The year 1748 in science and technology involved some significant events.


Rediscovery of the ruins of Pompeii.


Thomas Frye of the Bow porcelain factory in London produces bone china.[1]


Leonhard Euler publishes Introductio in analysin infinitorum, an introduction to pure analytical mathematics.[2] He calculates the mathematical constant e to 23 digits.[3]
Maria Agnesi publishes Instituzioni analitiche ad uso della gioventù italiana in Milan, "regarded as the best introduction extant to the works of Euler".[4]
approx. date - Thomas Bayes originates Bayes' theorem.[5]


John Fothergill publishes Account of the Sore Throat, attended with Ulcers, an early description of diphtheria.


Pierre Le Roy invents the detent escapement in watchmaking.[6][7][8]
Lewis Paul invents a hand machine for wool-carding.


Publication in Madrid of Jorge Juan and Antonio de Ulloa's Relación Histórica del Viage a la América Meridionale, including Ulloa's account of platinum.[9]


Copley Medal: James Bradley
Eva Ekeblad becomes the first female member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences


February 27 - Anders Sparrman, Swedish botanist (d. 1820)
March 5 - Jonas C. Dryander, Swedish botanist (d. 1810)
March 10 - John Playfair, Scottish scientist (d. 1819)
April 12 - Antoine Laurent de Jussieu, French botanist (d. 1836)
April 13 - Joseph Bramah, English inventor (d. 1814)
June 30 - Dominique, comte de Cassini, French astronomer (d. 1845)
August 8 - Johann Friedrich Gmelin, German naturalist (d. 1804)
December 9 - Claude Louis Berthollet, French chemist (d. 1822)

1748 Birth of James Archibald Hamilton


January 1 - Johann Bernoulli, Swiss mathematician (born 1667)
November - Aleksei Chirikov, Russian explorer (born 1703)


^ Freestone, I. C. (20–24 June 1999). "Science Of Early English Porcelain". Sixth Conference and Exhibition of the European Ceramic Society 1. Brighton. pp. 11-17.
^ Boyer, C. B. (April 1951). "The Foremost Textbook of Modern Times". American Mathematical Monthly (Mathematical Association of America) 58 (4): 223–226. doi:10.2307/2306956. JSTOR 2306956.
^ Crilly, Tony (2007). 50 Mathematical Ideas you really need to know. London: Quercus. p. 25. ISBN 978-1-84724-008-8.
^ A'Becket, John Joseph (1907). "Maria Gaetana Agnesi". The Catholic Encyclopedia. 1. New York: Robert Appleton Company. Retrieved 2011-04-27.
^ McGrayne, Sharon Bertsch (2011). The Theory That Would Not Die. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0-300-16969-0.
^ Britten's Watch & Clock Makers' Handbook Dictionary & Guide (15th ed.). p. 122.
^ Macey, Samuel L.. Encyclopedia of Time. p. 348.
^ A Journal of natural philosophy, chemistry and the arts, p. 159, "The invention of the detached escapement belongs to P. Le Roy"
^ "78: Platinum". Elementymology & Elements Multidict. Elements.vanderkrogt.net. Retrieved 2011-11-16.

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