Zingiberaceae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Commelinidae
Ordo: Zingiberales
Familia: Zingiberaceae
Subfamiliae: Alpinioideae - Siphonochiloideae - Tamijioideae - Zingiberoideae

Genera: Aframomum - Alpinia - Amomum - Aulotandra - Boesenbergia - Burbidgea - Camptandra - Caulokaempferia - Cautleya - Curcuma - Curcumorpha - Cyphostigma - Elettaria - Elettariopsis - Etlingera - Gagnepainia - Geocharis - Geostachys - Globba - Haniffia - Haplochorema - Hedychium - Hemiorchis - Hitchenia - Hornstedtia - Kaempferia - Leptosolena - Mantisia - Nanochilus - Paracautleya - Parakaempferia - Plagiostachys - Pleuranthodium - Pommereschea - Pyrgophyllum - Renealmia - Rhynchanthus - Riedelia - Roscoea - Scaphochlamys - Siliquamomum - Siphonochilus - Siphonochilus - Stadiochilus - Stahlianthus - Vanoverberghia - Zingiber

Name

Zingiberaceae Martynov

Synonyms

* Alpiniaceae
* Amomaceae

References

* Lohmueller F.A. 2005. The Botanical System of the Plants[1]
* The phylogeny and a new classification of the gingers (Zingiberaceae): evidence from molecular data
* A New Classification of the Zingiberaceae from the Third Symposium on Zingiberaceae
* List of genera in family ZINGIBERACEAE [2]

Zingiberaceae, or the Ginger family, is a family of flowering plants consisting of aromatic perennial herbs with creeping horizontal or tuberous rhizomes, comprising ca. 52 genera and more than 1300 species, distributed throughout tropical Africa, Asia, and the Americas.

Many species are important ornamental plants, spices, or medicinal plants. Ornamental genera include the shell gingers (Alpinia), Siam or summer tulip (Curcuma alismatifolia), Globba, ginger lily (Hedychium), Kaempferia, torch-ginger Nicolaia, Renealmia, and ginger (Zingiber). Spices include ginger (Zingiber), galangal or Thai ginger (Alpinia galanga and others), melegueta pepper (Aframomum melegueta), myoga (Zingiber mioga), turmeric (Curcuma), cardamom (Amomum, Elettaria).

Characteristics

Members of the family are small to large herbaceous plants with distichous leaves with basal sheaths that overlap to form a pseudostem. The plants are either self-supporting or epiphytic. Flowers are hermaphroditic, usually strongly zygomorphic, in determinate cymose inflorescences, and subtended by conspicuous, spirally arranged bracts. The perianth is composed of two whorls, a fused tubular calyx, and a tubular corolla with one lobe larger than the other two. Flowers typically have two of their stamenoids (sterile stamens) fused to form a petaloid lip, and have only one fertile stamen. The ovary is inferior and topped by two nectaries, the stigma is funnel-shaped.

Some genera yield essential oils used in the perfume industry (Alpinia, Hedychium).

Distribution

The Zingiberaceae have a pantropical distribution—found in the tropics of Africa, Asia and the Americas, with its greatest diversity in Southeast Asia.

Taxonomy

* Subfamily Siphonochiloideae
o Tribe Siphonochileae
+ Siphonochilus
* Subfamily Tamijioideae
o Tribe Tamijieae
+ Tamijia
* Subfamily Alpinioideae
o Tribe Alpinieae
+ Aframomum - Grains of Paradise
+ Alpinia - Galangal
+ Amomum
+ Aulotandra
+ Cyphostigma
+ Elettaria - Cardamom
+ Elettariopsis
+ Etlingera
+ Geocharis
+ Geostachys
+ Hornstedtia
+ Leptosolena
+ Paramomum
+ Plagiostachys
+ Renealmia
+ Siliquamomum (Incertae Sedis)
+ Vanoverberghia
o Tribe Riedelieae
+ Burbidgea
+ Pleuranthodium
+ Riedelia
+ Siamanthus
* Subfamily Zingiberoideae
o Tribe Zingibereae
+ Boesenbergia
+ Camptandra
+ Caulokaempferia (Incertae Sedis)
+ Cautleya
+ Cornukaempferia
+ Curcuma - Turmeric
+ Curcumorpha
+ Distichochlamys
+ Haniffia
+ Haplochorema
+ Hedychium
+ Hitchenia
+ Kaempferia
+ Laosanthus
+ Nanochilus
+ Paracautleya
+ Parakaempferia
+ Pommereschea
+ Pyrgophyllum
+ Rhynchanthus
+ Roscoea
+ Scaphochlamys
+ Smithatris
+ Stadiochilus
+ Stahlianthus
+ Zingiber - Ginger
o Tribe Globbeae
+ Gagnepainia
+ Globba
+ Hemiorchis


Intergeneric hybrid

* ×Alpingera F. Luc-Cayol (Alpinia × Etlingera.)


References


* The phylogeny and a new classification of the gingers (Zingiberaceae): evidence from molecular data
* Abstracts from the Symposia on the Family Zingiberaceae
* A New Classification of the Zingiberaceae from the Third Symposium on Zingiberaceae
* Zomlefer, W.B. Flowering Plant Families. The University of North Carolina Press. 1994.

Plants Images

Biology Encyclopedia

Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Index

Scientific Library - Scientificlib.com