Rosmarinus

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Lamiales
Familia: Lamiaceae
Subfamilia: Nepetoideae
Tribus: Mentheae
Genus: Rosmarinus
Species: R. eriocalyx - R. officinalis

Name

Rosmarinus L.

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Português: Rosmaninho; Alecrim
Русский: Розмарин

Rosmarinus (pronounced /ˌrɒsməˈraɪnəs/)[2] is a small genus of woody, perennial herbs with fragrant evergreen needle-like leaves in the family Lamiaceae, native to the Mediterranean Basin.

Description

There are just two species, R. officinalis (Rosemary), widespread in the Mediterranean region, and R. eriocalyx, native to northwest Africa and southern Spain. The latter differs from the well-known herb rosemary in its smaller leaves, only 5-15 mm long and less than 2 mm broad, and densely hairy flower stems. It also tends to be lower-growing, often under 25 cm tall and prostrate, and never exceeding 1 m tall (R. officinalis can reach 1.5 m, exceptionally 2 m, tall).

References

1. ^ "Genus: Rosmarinus L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2004-09-10. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?10549. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
2. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607

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