Rollinia

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Magnoliales
Familia: Annonaceae
Genus: Rollinia

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Rollinia is a genus in the family Annonaceae. While it is widely recognised as a distinct genus a recent monograph advocates its inclusion in Annona[1], which also contains custard apples and soursops.

Not all fruits produced by this family are edible, but Rollinia deliciosa - commonly known as biriba - is. The flavor of the fruit is similar to that of a lemon meringue pie. Ripe fruit is very soft and easily bruised. The fruit cannot be stored for long periods of time. It is usually eaten fresh, but it is also occasionally used in Brazil to make wine. Biriba trees are small-to-medium sized trees, and require humid, tropical growing conditions. The fruit is round, ripening from green to yellow, and the skin is covered with small protuberances that bruise to black when the fruit is handled. Not widely cultivated, they have gained a small degree of popularity as dooryard and container trees elsewhere in the world.

Rollinia sylvatica and Rollinia emarginata - the latter referred to as aratiku - also produce edible fruit, but are comparatively little-known and only very rarely cultivated.

Selected species

* Rollinia amazonica R. E. Fr
* Rollinia andicola P. Maas & Westra
* Rollinia bahiensis P. Maas & Westra
* Rollinia boliviana R. E. Fr
* Rollinia calcarata R. E. Fr
* Rollinia centrantha R. E. Fr.
* Rollinia chrysocarpa P. Maas & Westra
* Rollinia deliciosa Saff.
o Rollinia mucosa (Jacq.) Baill.
o Annona mucosa Jacq.
o Rollinia orthopetala A. DC.
o Rollinia pulchrinervia A. DC.
o Annona reticulata L.
o Rollinia sieberi A. DC.
* Rollinia dolabripetala (Raddi) R. E. Fr.
o Annona dolabripetala Raddi
* Rollinia dolichopetala R. E. Fries
* Rollinia ecuadorensis R. E. Fr.
* Rollinia emarginata Schltdl.
o Rollinia glaucescens Sond.
* Rollinia fendleri R. E. Fries
* Rollinia ferruginea (R. E. Fries) P. Maas & Westra
* Rollinia helosioides P. Maas & Westra
* Rollinia herzogii
* Rollinia hispida P. Maas & Westra
* Rollinia jimenezii
* Rollinia laurifolia Schltdl.
* Rollinia leptopetala R. E. Fr.
o Rolliniopsis discreta Saff.
* Rollinia longifolia
* Rollinia occidentalis R. E. Fr
* Rollinia pachyantha P. Maas & Westra
* Rollinia parviflora A. St.-Hil.
o Rolliniopsis parviflora (A. St.-Hil.) Saff.
* Rollinia pickelii Diels
* Rollinia rufinervis Triana & Planchon
* Rollinia silvatica
* Rollinia sylvatica (A. St.-Hil.) Mart.
o Annona sylvatica A. St.-Hil.
* Rollinia ubatubensis P. Maas & Westra
* Rollinia velutina van Marle
* Rollinia xylopiifolia (A. St.-Hil.) R. E. Fr


References

1. ^ a b Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN) (2008-02-14). "Genus: Rollinia A. St.-Hil.". Taxonomy for Plants. USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program, National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/genus.pl?10530. Retrieved 2008-04-16.


External links

* "Rollinia". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=18106. Retrieved 2008-04-16 1999.
* Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS). "PLANTS Profile, Rollinia A. St.-Hil.". The PLANTS Database. United States Department of Agriculture,. http://plants.usda.gov/java/profile?symbol=ROLLI. Retrieved 2008-04-16.


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