Rhus coriaria

Rhus coriaria (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Sapindales
Familia: Anacardiaceae
Genus: Rhus
Species: Rhus coriaria

Name

Rhus coriaria L.

References

* Species Plantarum 1:265. 1753
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]


Vernacular names
Ελληνικά, Κυπριακά: Ρούδιν, Σουμάτζιν
Italiano: Sommaco
Русский: Сумах дубильный, Сумак дубильный

Rhus coriaria, commonly called Elm-Leaved Sumach or Tanner's Sumach is a deciduous shrub to small tree in the Anacardiaceae or Cashew family, native to southern Europe[1]. The dried fruit are used as a spice, particularly in combination with other spices in the mixture called Za'atar.

Cultivation

The plant will grow in any type of soil that is deep and well-drained[1].

Uses

Caution should be used about consuming sumac (see Toxicity, below). The fruit has a sour taste; dried and crushed, it is a popular spice in the Middle East[1]. Immature fruits and seeds are also eaten.

The leaves and the bark were traditionally used in tanning and contain tannic acid.

Dyes of various colours, red, yellow, black, and brown, can be made from different parts of the plant[1]

Oil extracted from the seeds can be used to make candles[1].

Toxicity

The sap and the fruit contain toxins that can cause severe irritation in people who are sensitive to these compounds[1]. Consumption or contact with any part of the plant can produce a severe reaction in some people.

References

1. ^ a b c d e f Plants for a Future database accessed August 2010

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