Pennisetum setaceum

Pennisetum setaceum, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Commelinidae
Ordo: Poales
Familia: Poaceae
Subfamilia: Panicoideae
Tribus: Paniceae
Genus: Pennisetum
Species: Pennisetum setaceum

Name

Pennisetum setaceum (Forssk.) Chiov.

References

* Bollettino della Societa Botanica Italiana. Florence 1923:113. 1923
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Data from 07-Oct-06]. [1]

Vernacular names
English: Fountain grass
Italiano: Penniseto allungato

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Pennisetum setaceum, commonly known as Fountain Grass, is a C4 perennial bunch grass that is native to open, scrubby habitats in East Africa, tropical Africa, Middle East and SW Asia. It has been introduced to many parts of the world as an ornamental plant. It is drought-tolerant, grows fast, reaches 1 m (3.3 ft) in height, and has many purple, plumose flower spikes.

Environmental threat

Fountain Grass has been introduced to Tenerife,[1], Sicily, Sardinia, southern Spain, Australia,[2] South Africa, Hawaii, the Western United States,[3] and southern Florida. It thrives in warmer, drier areas and threatens many native species, with which it competes very effectively. It also tends to increase the risk of intense wildfires, thus posing a further threat to certain native species.

References

1. ^ "Tackling Exotic Flora in the Teno Rural Park". Secret Tenerife. 28 January 2007. http://www.secret-tenerife.com/2007/01/tackling-exotic-flora-in-teno-rural.html. Retrieved 2009-02-26.
2. ^ "Fountain Grass". Weed Identification & Information. Australian Weeds Committee. http://www.weeds.org.au/cgi-bin/weedident.cgi?tpl=plant.tpl&ibra=all&card=E16. Retrieved 2009-02-26.
3. ^ "Fountain Grass". Alien Plant Working Group. Plant Conservation Alliance. http://www.nps.gov/plants/alien/fact/pese1.htm. Retrieved 2009-02-26.

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