Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Lamiales
Familia: Pedaliaceae
Genera: Ceratotheca - Dicerocaryum - Harpagophytum - Holubia - Josephinia - Linariopsis - Pedaliodiscus - Pedalium - Pterodiscus - Rogeria - Sesamothamnus - Sesamum - Uncarina

Pedaliaceae (pedalium family or sesame family) is a flowering plant family classified in the order Scrophulariales in the Cronquist system and Lamiales in the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group system. Cronquist included the family Martyniaceae in Pedaliaceae, but phylogenetic studies have shown that the two families are not closely related and they are maintained as separate by the APG. Both families are characterized by having mucilaginous hairs, which often give the stems and leaves a slimy or clammy feel, and often have fruits with hooks or horns.

Sesame (Sesamum indicum) is the source of sesame seeds.

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