Pandanales

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Pandanales
Familia: Cyclanthaceae - Pandanaceae - Stemonaceae - Triuridaceae - Velloziaceae

Name

Pandanales Lindl.

Synonyms

* Cyclanthales
* Stemonales
* Triuridales
* Velloziales

References

* Lohmueller F.A. 2005. The Botanical System of the Plants[1]

Vernacular name
Internationalization
中文: 露兜树目

Pandanales is an order of flowering plants, with a pantropical distribution.

The APG II system, which places this in the monocots, the order consists of five families:

* Cyclanthaceae
* Pandanaceae
* Stemonaceae
* Triuridaceae
* Velloziaceae

Thus circumscribed, the order includes palm-like trees, shrubs, lianas, and herbs.

In older plant classifications, The circumscription in APG II is a slight change from that in the 1998 APG system, which used the circumscription:

* Cyclanthaceae
* Pandanaceae
* Stemonaceae
* Velloziaceae

The Cronquist system (1981) placed the order in subclass Arecidae in class Liliopsida [=monocotyledons] with only one family:

* Pandanaceae

The Wettstein system (1935) placed the order in class Monocotyledones and used a different circumscription, incorporating:

* Pandanaceae
* Sparganiaceae
* Typhaceae

The Bentham & Hooker system (1883) had a similar order under the name Nudifloreae, incorporating:

* Pandaneae
* Cyclanthaceae
* Typhaceae
* Aroideae
* Lemnaceae


Uses

Several species in this order produce strap-like leaves that are used for basketry; Pandanus (Pandanaceae) is used across Oceania for thatch, basketry, and to make cloth, and Carludovica palmata (Cyclanthaceae) leaves are made into Panama hats.

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