Olsynium

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Iridaceae
Subfamilia: Iridoideae
Tribus: Sisyrinchieae
Genus: Olsynium
Species: O. acaule - O. biflorum - O. bodenbenderi - O. chrysochromum - O. douglasii - O. filifolium - O. frigidum - O. junceum - O. lyckholmii - O. nigricans - O. obscurum - O. philippii - O. porphyreum - O. scirpoideum - O. trinerve

Name

Olsynium Raf., New Fl. 1: 72. 1836.

Synonyms

* Chamelum Phil., Linnaea 33: 250. 1864.
* Ona Ravenna, Anales Mus. Hist. Nat. Valparaiso 5: 98. 1972.
* Phaiophleps Raf., Fl. Tellur. 4: 29. 1836.
* Psithyrisma Herb. in Lindl., Edwards's Bot. Reg. 29(Misc.): 85. 1843, nom. superfl.
* Symphyostemon Miers, Proc. Linn. Soc. London 1: 123. 1841, nom. superfl.

References

* Govaerts, R. (2006). World Checklist of Monocotyledons. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. 2009 Mar 23 [1].

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Svenska: Vårgräsliljesläktet

Olsynium (huilmo in Chile; formerly part of Sisyrinchium) is a genus of 12 species of summer-dormant rhizomatous perennials in the iris family, native to sunny hillsides in South America and western North America.


Description

Height is 10–40 centimetres (4–16 in) tall. Leaves are linear, 4–30 centimetres (1.6–12 in) long and 1–3 millimetres (0.04–0.12 in) broad.

Flowers are bell-shaped, with six white, pink, or lilac tepals, and bloom from late winter to spring.

Etymology

The genus name is derived from the Greek words ol, meaning "a little", and syn-, meaning "joined".[1]

Species

There are 12 species, 11 in South America and 1 in western North America.

South America

* Olsynium biflorum (Thunb.) Goldbl.
Patagonia
* Olsynium filifolium (Gaudich.) Goldbl.
Falkland Islands
* Olsynium junceum (E.Mey. ex Presl) Goldbl.
Chile
* Olsynium philippii (Klatt) Goldbl.
Chile
* Olsynium scirpoideum
Chile

western North America

* Olsynium douglasii (A.Dietr.) E.P.Bicknell

References

1. ^ Manning, John; Goldblatt, Peter (2008). The Iris Family: Natural History & Classification. Portland, Oregon: Timber Press. pp. 219–21. ISBN 0-88192-897-6.

External links

* Flora of North America
* Pacific Bulb Society
* Huxley, A., ed. (1992). New RHS Dictionary of Gardening. Macmillan.

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

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