Melanthiaceae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Liliales
Familia: Melanthiaceae
Tribus: Chionographideae - Heloniadeae - Melanthieae - Parideae - Xerophylleae
Genera: Amianthium - Anticlea - Chamaelirium - Chionographis - Daiswa - Harperocallis - Helonias - Heloniopsis - Kinugasa - Melanthium - Paris - Pleea - Protolirion - Pseudotrillium - Schoenocaulon - Stenanthium - Toxicoscordion - Trillidium - Trillium - Veratrum - Xerophyllum - Ypsilandra - Zigadenus -

Name

Melanthiaceae Batsch ex. Borkh., 1796 nom. cons.

Synonyms

* Abaminaceae
* Chionographidaceae Takhtajan
* Cymbanthaceae
* Heloniadaceae J. Agardh
* Miyoshiaceae
* Paridaceae Dumortier
* Trilliaceae Chevalier, nom. cons.
* Veratraceae Salisbury
* Xerophyllaceae Takhtajan


Excluded genera

These genera are excluded from the Melanthiaceae and placed in Nartheciaceae: Aletris - Lophiola - Metanarthecium - Narthecium - Nietneria -

References

* GRIN Taxonomy for Plants
* Stevens, P. F. (2001 onwards). Angiosperm Phylogeny Website. Version 9, June 2008 [and more or less continuously updated since.]


Vernacular names
Dansk: Giftlilje-familien
Deutsch: Germergewächse
Magyar: Zászpafélék
日本語: メランチウム科
Svenska: Nysrotsväxter
中文: 黑药花科

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Melanthiaceae is a family of flowering perennial herbs in the Northern Hemisphere.[1] The family has been recognized by relatively few taxonomists, and the circumscription has varied. Early authors considered these plants to belong to the family Liliaceae, in part because both their sepals and petals closely resemble each other and are often large and showy like the flowers of the Lily Family.,[1] while some more recent taxonomists have placed them in a family Trilliaceae. The most authoritative modern treatment, however, the APG II system, of 2003 (unchanged from the APG system, of 1998), does recognize such a family and places it in the order Liliales, in the clade monocots. As circumscribed by APG II it includes 11-16 genera of the plants that sometimes have been treated as family .

Familiar members of the family include Paris herb (Paris quadrifolia) and the trilliums.


Genera

* Amianthium
* Anticlea
* Chamaelirium
* Chionographis
* Daiswa
* Helonias
* Heloniopsis
* Kinugasa
* Melanthium
* Paris
* Pseudotrillium
* Schoenocaulon
* Stenanthium
* Toxicoscordion
* Trillidium
* Trillium
* Veratrum
* Xerophyllum
* Ypsilandra
* Zigadenus

References

1. ^ a b Zomlefer, WB; NH Williams, WM Whitten, WS Judd (2001). "Generic circumscriptions and relationships in the tribe Melanthieae (Liliales, Melanthiaceae), with emphasis on Zigadenus: Evidence from ITS and TRNL-F sequence date". American Journal of Botany (Botanical Society of America) 88 (9): 1657–1669. doi:10.2307/3558411. http://jstor.org/stable/3558411. Retrieved 2007-06-15.

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