Lamprocapnos spectabilis

Lamprocapnos spectabilis (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Ranunculales
Familia: Papaveraceae
Subfamilia: Fumarioideae
Tribus: Fumarieae
Genus: Lamprocapnos
Species: Lamprocapnos spectabilis

Name

* Lamprocapnos spectabilis (L.) T.Fukuhara, Pl. Syst. Evol. 206(1-4): 415. 1997.

Basionym

* Fumaria spectabilis L., Sp. Pl. 2: 699. 1753.

Synonyms

* Capnorchis spectabilis (L.) Borkh., Roem. Arch. i. II. 46.
* Corydalis spectabilis (L.) Pers., Syn. Pl. (Persoon) 2(1): 269. 1806.
* Dicentra spectabilis (L.) Lem., Fl. des Serres Ser. 1, 3. t. 258. 1847.
* Diclytra spectabilis (L.) DC., Syst. Nat. (de Candolle) 2: 110. 1821.
* Dielytra spectabilis (L.) G.Don, Gen. Hist. 1: 140. 1831.
* Eucapnos spectabilis (L.) Siebold & Zucc., Abh. Akad. Muench. 3. 721. 1840.
* Hedycapnos spectabilis (L.) Planch., Fl. des Serres, 8. 193. t. 820. 1852-53.

References

* Flore des Serres et des Jardins de l'Europe. Ghent (Gand) 3: t. 258. 1847
* USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. [1]

Vernacular names

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Lamprocapnos spectabilis (formerly Dicentra spectabilis; old-fashioned bleeding-heart, Venus's car, Lady in a bath, Dutchman's trousers, or Lyre-flower) is a rhizomatous perennial plant native to eastern Asia from Siberia south to Japan.


Description

Compound leaves with leaflets in threes grow on fleshy green to pink stems up to 3 feet (0.9 m).

Flowers are heart-shaped and 1–2 inches (3–5 cm) long, with pink outer petals and white inner petals, hanging in a horizontal raceme. They bloom from late spring to early summer.

Seeds with whitish elaiosomes are borne in long pods.

The plant often goes dormant in summer after blooming.

Cultivation

References

1. ^ Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN)
2. ^ University of Vermont Department of Plant and Soil Science
3. ^ Leikin, Edited by Jerrold B.; Paloucek, Frank P. (2007), Poisoning and toxicology handbook, Boca Raton, Fla: CRC, pp. 886, ISBN 1420044796
4. ^ University of Vermont: Perry's Perennial Pages


It is a popular ornamental plant for flower gardens in temperate climates, and is also used in floristry as a cut flower. In a moist and cool climate, it will grow in full sun, but in warmer and drier climates it requires some shade.

Aphids, slugs and snails sometimes feed on the leaves.

Seeds must be sown while fresh. Division should be done in the late fall or early spring.

Contact with the plant can cause skin irritation in some people from isoquinoline-like alkaloids.[2][3]

Cultivars

Several cultivars have been selected. 'Alba' has white flowers, and 'Gold Heart', introduced from Hadspen Garden in 1997,[4] has yellow leaves.

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