Gentianales

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Gentianales
Familiae: Apocynaceae - Gelsemiaceae - Gentianaceae - Loganiaceae - Rubiaceae

Name

Gentianales Lindley

Synonyms

* Apocynales
* Asclepiadales
* Chironiales
* Cinchonales
* Galiales
* Loganiales
* Rubiales
* Theligonales
* Vincales

Vernacular name
Internationalization
Català: Gencianal
Dansk: Ensian-ordenen
Deutsch: Enzianartige
עברית: גנציינאים
Magyar: Tárnicsvirágúak
日本語: リンドウ目
Polski: Goryczkowce
Suomi: Katkeromaiset
Українська: Тирличецвіті
Tiếng Việt: Bộ Long đởm
中文: 龍膽目

Gentianales are an order of flowering plants, included within the asterid group of dicotyledons.

The circumscription of Gentiales in the Cronquist system included a broadly defined Loganiaceae (since broken up into several families), Retziaceae, Gentianaceae, Saccifoliaceae, Apocynaceae, and Asclepiadaceae. The circumscription recognized by the Angiosperm Phylogeny Group (APG) includes Apocynaceae (including Asclepiadaceae), Gelsemiaceae (segregated from Loganiaceae), Gentianaceae (including Saccifoliaceae), Loganiaceae, and Rubiaceae.

Under the APG definition some well-known members of Gentianales are coffee, gardenias, and frangipani.

APG includes Retziaceae in Stilbaceae (order Lamiales).

References

* Struwe, L., V. A. Albert, and B. Bremer. 1994. Cladistics and family level classification of the Gentianales. Cladistics 10: 175–205.
* Backlund, Maria, Bengt Oxelman, and Birgitta Bremer. 2000. Phylogenetic relationships within the Gentianales based on NDHF and RBCL sequences, with particular reference to the Loganiaceae. American Journal of Botany 87:1029-1043. Phylogenetic relationships within the Gentianales based on NDHF and RBCL sequences, with particular reference to the Loganiaceae

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