Campanula zoysii (*)
Campanula zoysii Wulfen
* Collectanea; Missao de Biologia Maritima; Junta de Investigaçoes do Ultramar. Lisbon 2:122. 1789 ("1788"); Icon. pl. rar. 2: t. 334. 1789 ("1786-1793")
Campanula zoysii (known commonly as Zois' Bellflower, Zoysi's Harebell, or Crimped Bellflower) is a flower in the genus Campanula (bellflowers).
Range and habitat
The flower is endemic to Austria, northern Italy (Friuli–Venezia Giulia and Veneto), and Slovenia. It grows most readily in limestone crevices in the Julian and Kamnik–Savinja Alps, as well as in the Alps of Italy and Austria.
C. zoysii can survive in temperatures as low as -35 to -40 °C (-31 to -40 °F). Garden pests include slugs and snails.
The plant tends to grow low, reaching anywhere from 5 to 7 cm (2 to 3 in) in height, though some plants may grow as tall as 23 cm (9 in). Tufts (or "cushions") of the plant tend to creep outward as it grows. Seedlings require two years to grow to flower.
The species is unique among its genus of bellflowers. The mouth of C. zoysii's bell-shaped flower narrows, ending in a five-pointed star, while the flowers of other Campanula species are likewise bell-shaped, but open. (The "pinched" shape of these flowers nonetheless manages to allow insects inside for pollination.) The flowers are arranged one to three for each stem. The plant's pale sky blue- to lavender-colored flowers bloom in June over a three- to four-week period.
Leaves are crowded at the root, stalked, ovate and blunt; stem leaves are obovate, lance-shaped and linear.
C. zoysii is held in high regard in Slovenia. It is considered a symbol of the Slovenian Alps, and called "the daughter of the Slovene mountains". It is highly esteemed as an ornamental plant in rock gardens. The September 1905 issue of Gardeners' Chronicle praises C. zoysii as "choicest and most distinct ... of a genus comprising flowers of the greatest beauty and of the highest merit in the garden".
The plant is named in honor of its discoverer, botanist Karl von Zois (1756–1800). It was first described by Nikolaus Joseph von Jacquin in 1789.[note 1]
1. ^ Collectanea 2:122. 1789 ("1788"); Icon. pl. rar. 2: t. 334. 1789 ("1786-1793")
Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License