Calanthe

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Liliopsida
Subclassis: Liliidae
Ordo: Asparagales
Familia: Orchidaceae
Subfamilia: Epidendroideae
Tribus: Arethuseae
Subtribus: Bletiinae
Alliance: Calanthe
Genus: Calanthe
Species: C. austrokiusiuensis - C. calanthoides - C. discolor - C. engleriana - C. plantaginea - C. rubens - C. sieboldii - C. striata - C. sylvatica - C. torifera - C. tricarinata - C. vestita

Name

Calanthe R.Br.

Calanthe – commonly abbreviated Cal. in horticulture – is a widespread genus of terrestrial orchids (family Orchidaceae) with some 170 species.

The genus is divided into 2 groups – deciduous species and evergreen ones. Calanthe species are found in all tropical areas, but mostly concentrated in Asia; some species also range into subtropical and tropical lands such as Taiwan, India and Madagascar. C. discolor is a well-known species found in Japan, the southern part of Korea and China; its vernacular name ebine (海老根) means "shrimp-root" in reference to the shape of the plant's pseudobulbs and root system.

List of species

* Calanthe abbreviata
* Calanthe aceras
* Calanthe actinomorpha
* Calanthe albolutea
* Calanthe aleizettii
* Calanthe alismifolia
* Calanthe alpina
* Calanthe alta
* Calanthe angustifolia
o Calanthe angustifolia var. angustifolia.
o Calanthe angustifolia var. flava
* Calanthe anthropophora
* Calanthe arcuata
* Calanthe arfakana
* Calanthe argenteostriata
* Calanthe arisanensis
* Calanthe aristulifera
* Calanthe aruank
* Calanthe atjehensis
* Calanthe aurantiaca
* Calanthe aureiflora
* Calanthe bicalcarata
o Calanthe bicalcarata var. bicalcarata.
o Calanthe bicalcarata var. depressa
* Calanthe biloba
* Calanthe brevicornu
* Calanthe breviflos
* Calanthe calanthoides
* Calanthe camptoceras
* Calanthe cardioglossa
* Calanthe carrii
* Calanthe caulescens
* Calanthe caulodes
* Calanthe cheniana
* Calanthe chevalieri
* Calanthe chloroleuca
* Calanthe chrysoglossoides
* Calanthe chrysoleuca
* Calanthe clavata
* Calanthe clavicalcar
* Calanthe cleistogama
* Calanthe coelogyniformis
* Calanthe coiloglossa
* Calanthe conspicua
* Calanthe coreana
* Calanthe cremeoviridis
* Calanthe crenulata
* Calanthe cruciata
* Calanthe crumenata
* Calanthe davaensis
* Calanthe davidii
* Calanthe densiflora
* Calanthe dipteryx
* Calanthe discolor
* Calanthe disticha
* Calanthe dulongensis
* Calanthe duyana
* Calanthe ecallosa
* Calanthe ecarinata
* Calanthe emeishanica
* Calanthe engleriana
o Calanthe engleriana var. brevicalcarata
o Calanthe engleriana var. engleriana.
* Calanthe englishii
* Calanthe ensifolia
* Calanthe epiphytica
* Calanthe esquirolei
* Calanthe fargesii
* Calanthe finisterrae
* Calanthe fissa
* Calanthe flava
o Calanthe flava var. flava.
o Calanthe flava var. rubra
* Calanthe forbesii
* Calanthe fragrans
* Calanthe fulgens
* Calanthe geelvinkensis
* Calanthe gibbsiae
* Calanthe graciliflora
* Calanthe graciliscapa
* Calanthe griffithii
* Calanthe halconensis
* Calanthe hancockii
* Calanthe hattorii
* Calanthe hennisii
* Calanthe henryi
* Calanthe herbacea
* Calanthe hirsuta
* Calanthe hololeuca
* Calanthe hoshii
* Calanthe hyacinthina
* Calanthe imthurnii
* Calanthe inflata
* Calanthe izu-insularis
* Calanthe johorensis
* Calanthe jusnerii
* Calanthe kawakamiense
* Calanthe kaniensis
* Calanthe kemulensis
* Calanthe keshabii
* Calanthe kinabaluensis
* Calanthe labellicauda
* Calanthe labrosa
* Calanthe lacerata
* Calanthe lechangensis
* Calanthe leucosceptrum
o Calanthe leucosceptrum var. bisubulifera
o Calanthe leucosceptrum var. leucosceptrum.
* Calanthe limprichtii
* Calanthe longibracteata
* Calanthe longifolia
* Calanthe lutiviridis
* Calanthe lyroglossa
o Calanthe lyroglossa var. longibracteata
o Calanthe lyroglossa var. lyroglossa.
* Calanthe madagascariensis
* Calanthe mannii
* Calanthe maquilingensis
* Calanthe maxii
* Calanthe mcgregorii
* Calanthe metoensis
* Calanthe micrantha
* Calanthe microglossa
* Calanthe moluccensis
* Calanthe monophylla
* Calanthe muelleri
* Calanthe nankunensis
* Calanthe nicolae
* Calanthe nipponica
* Calanthe nivalis
* Calanthe oblanceolata
* Calanthe obreniformis
* Calanthe odora
* Calanthe oreadum
* Calanthe otuhanica
* Calanthe ovalifolia
* Calanthe ovata
* Calanthe papuana
* Calanthe parvilabris
* Calanthe pauciverrucosa
* Calanthe pavairiensis
* Calanthe petelotiana
* Calanthe pilosa
* Calanthe plantaginea
o Calanthe plantaginea var. lushuiensis
o Calanthe plantaginea var. plantaginea.
* Calanthe polyantha
* Calanthe puberula
* Calanthe pulchra
* Calanthe pullei
* Calanthe rajana
* Calanthe reflexilabris
* Calanthe rhodochila
o Calanthe rhodochila var. reconditiflora
o Calanthe rhodochila var. rhodochila.
* Calanthe rigida
* Calanthe rosea
* Calanthe rubens
* Calanthe ruttenii
* Calanthe saccata
* Calanthe sacculata
* Calanthe salaccensis
* Calanthe sanderiana
* Calanthe seranica
* Calanthe shelfordii
* Calanthe shweliensis
* Calanthe simplex
* Calanthe sinica
* Calanthe spathoglottoides
* Calanthe speciosa
* Calanthe stenophylla
* Calanthe stevensiana
* Calanthe striata
* Calanthe succedanea
* Calanthe sylvatica
* Calanthe taenioides
* Calanthe tahitensis
* Calanthe tenuis
* Calanthe torricellensis
* Calanthe transiens
* Calanthe triantherifera
* Calanthe tricarinata
* Calanthe trifida
* Calanthe triplicata
* Calanthe trulliformis
* Calanthe truncata
* Calanthe truncicola
* Calanthe tsoongiana
* Calanthe uncata
* Calanthe undulata
* Calanthe unifolia
* Calanthe vaginata
* Calanthe velutina
* Calanthe ventilabrum
* Calanthe versteegii
* Calanthe vestita
* Calanthe villosa
* Calanthe whiteana
* Calanthe yuana
* Calanthe yuksomnensis
* Calanthe zollingeri

Synonyms

This genus has a large number of synonyms:

* Alismorkis Thouars
* Amblyglottis Blume
* Aulostylis Schltr.
* Calanthidum Pfitzer
* Centrosia A.Rich.
* Centrosis Thouars
* Cytheris Lindl.
* Ghiesbreghtia A.Rich. & Galeotti
* Limatodes Blume
* Paracalanthe Kudô
* Preptanthe Rchb.f.
* Styloglossum Breda
* Sylvalismis Thouars

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