Aralioideae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Divisio: Magnoliophyta
Classis: Magnoliopsida
Ordo: Apiales
Familia: Araliaceae
Subfamilia: Aralioideae
Genera: Anakasia - Aralia - Arthrophyllum - Astrotricha - Brassaiopsis - Cephalaralia - Cheirodendron - Chengiopanax - Cuphocarpus - Cussonia - Dendropanax - Eleutherococcus - ×Fatshedera - Fatsia - Gamblea - Gastonia - Harmsiopanax - Hedera - Heteropanax - Homalosciadium - Hunaniopanax - Hydrocotyle - Kalopanax - Macropanax - Megalopanax - Merrilliopanax - Meryta - Motherwellia - Munroidendron - Neosciadium - Oplopanax - Oreopanax - Osmoxylon - Panax - Pentapanax - Polyscias - Pseudopanax - Reynoldsia - Schefflera - Sciadodendron - Seemannaralia - Sinopanax - Stilbocarpa - Tetrapanax - Tetraplasandra - Trevesia - Woodburnia

Name

Aralioideae Eaton, Bot. Dict., ed. 4: 37. Apr-Mai 1836.

Synonyms

* Botryodendraceae J. Agardh
* Hederaceae Giseke

The subfamily Aralioideae contains around 50 recognized genera. These include the genus Panax, to which ginseng belongs. Other notable species are the Angelica-tree (Devil's Walking-stick, Aralia spinosa), the Devil's Club (Oplopanax horridus), or Common Ivy (Hedera helix).

They are traditionally divided into a number of tribes. More recently it has turned out that the Aralieae and Schefflerieae were not accurately delimited. However, with moving some genera around, monophyly of each taxon can probably be achieved. Splitting the Panaceae from the Aralieae is rejected by the current state of knowledge, and whether the Schefflerieae can be accurately subdivided into the Plerandreae and Tetraplasandreae is at least highly doubtful. The Mackinlayeae seem to form a smaller and more basal lineage, but many other genera still await study.


Mackinlayeae

* Apiopetalum
* Mackinlaya
* Pseudosciadium


Aralieae

* Aralia
* Arthrophyllum
* Cuphocarpus
* Gastonia
* Hunaniopanax – tentatively placed here
* Meryta
* Munroidendron
* Panax
* Pentapanax
* Polyscias
* Pseudopanax
* Reynoldsia
* Sciadodendron
* Tetraplasandra


Schefflerieae

* Boninofatsia – tentatively placed here
* Brassaiopsis
* Dendropanax
* Eleutherococcus
* ×Fatshedera
* Fatsia
* Gamblea
* Hedera
* Heteropanax
* Kalopanax
* Macropanax
* Metapanax
* Oplopanax
* Oreopanax
* Schefflera – probably paraphyletic
* Sinopanax
* Tetrapanax
* Trevesia
* Tupidanthus


Placement unresolved

* Anakasia
* Astrotricha – basal?
* Cephalaralia – basal?
* Cheirodendron – basal?
* Cromapanax
* Cussonia – basal?
* Harmsiopanax
* Megalopanax
* Merrilliopanax
* Motherwellia
* Osmoxylon – basal?
* Raukaua – basal?
* Seemannaralia
* Stilbocarpa – basal? Possibly belongs into Apiaceae
* Woodburnia


References

* US Dept. of Agriculture Germplasm Resources Information Network. Retrieved April 11, 2007
* Crescent Bloom Plants. Retrieved April 11, 2007.

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