Hellenica World

Micropterus

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Osteichthyes
Classis: Actinopterygii
Subclassis: Neopterygii
Infraclassis: Teleostei
Superordo: Acanthopterygii
Ordo: Perciformes
Subordo: Percoidei
Superfamilia: Percoidea
Familia: Centrarchidae
Genus: Micropterus
Species: M. cataractae - M. coosae - M. dolomieu - M. notius - M. punctulatus - M. salmoides - M. treculii

Name

Micropterus (Lacepède, 1802)

References

* Micropterus Report on ITIS

Vernacular Name
Internationalization
English: Black bass

Micropterus (Lacépède, 1802), is a genus of freshwater fish in the sunfish family (family Centrarchidae) of order Perciformes. The type species is M. dolomieu, the smallmouth bass. The species of this genus are known as the black basses.

The black basses are sometimes erroneously called black trout, but the name trout more correctly refers to certain members of the salmon family.

The black basses are distributed throughout a large area east of the Rocky Mountains in North America, from the Hudson Bay basin in Canada to northeastern Mexico. They live in California too. Several species, notably the largemouth and smallmouth basses, have been very widely introduced throughout the world, and are now considered cosmopolitan. Black bass of all species are highly sought-after game fish and bass fishing is an extremely popular sport throughout the bass's native range.[citation needed] These fish are well known as strong fighters, and their meat is eaten, being quite edible and firm, though catch-and-release fishing is becoming more popular in order to preserve fish populations.[citation needed]

All Micropterus species have a dull-green base colouring with dark patterns on the sides. Most reach a maximum overall length of 40–60 cm (16–24 in), but some strains of the largemouth have been reported to grow to almost a full metre (just over three feet) in length.

The male builds a "bed"(nest) in which a female is induced to deposit her eggs and then fertilizes them. The male continues to guard the eggs and fry until they disperse from the nest.

In Japan, to which the black basses are not native, there have been frequent attempts to eradicate various species of the fish. [1]


References

FishBase: Micropterus
ITIS: Micropterus
Rohde, F. C., et al. Freshwater Fishes of the Carolinas, Virginia, Maryland, and Delaware. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994.
Locals in for long haul in battle against non-native fish - Asahi Shimbun

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