Elaphe quatuorlineata

Elaphe quatuorlineata (Source)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Reptilia
Subclassis: Diapsida
Infraclassis: Lepidosauromorpha
Superordo: Lepidosauria
Ordo: Squamata
Subordo: Serpentes
Superfamilia: Colubroidea
Familia: Colubridae
Subfamilia: Colubrinae
Genus: Elaphe
Species: Elaphe quatuorlineata
Subspecies: E. q. muenteri - E. q. parensis - E. q. quatuorlineata - E. q. scyrensis

Name

Elaphe quatuorlineata (Lacepede, 1789)

Type locality: Provence, France.

Synonyms

* Coluber quatuorlineatus Lacepede, 1789
* Coluber quatuorlineata — Bonnaterre, 1790
* Coluber nauii Donndorf, 1798: 206 (fide Boulenger, 1894)
* Coluber quadristriatus Donndorf, 1798: 207 (fide Boulenger, 1894)
* Coluber quaterradiatus Gmelin, 1799: 158 (fide Boulenger, 1894)
* Coluber quadrilineatus — Daudin, 1803: 266
* Coluber pictus Pallas, 1811: 45 (fide Boulenger, 1894)
* Coluber alpestris Ménétries, 1832: 68 (fide Boulenger, 1894)
* Coluber poecilocephalus Fisch. de Waldh, 1832: 575 (fide Boulenger)
* Elaphis sauromates var. graeca Bedriaga
* Elaphis quater-radiatus — Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854: 254
* Elaphis cervone Schreiber, 1875: 254
* Coluber quaterradiatus — Boettger, 1891: 418
* Coluber quatuorlineatus — Boulenger, 1894: 45
* Coluber quatuorlineatus — Boulenger, 1913
* Elaphe quatuorlineata preamatura Werner, 1935
* Elaphe quatuorlineata — Engelmann et al., 1993
* Elaphe quatuorlineata — Schulz, 1996: 209
* Elaphe quatuorlineata — Helfenberger, 2001
* Elaphe quatuorlineata — Utiger et al., 2002

References

* Lacepède, B.G.E. 1789. Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupèdes Ovipares et de Serpens. Vol.2. lmprimerie du Roi, Hôtel de Thou, Paris, 671 pp.
* Boettger, Oskar 1891. Reptilien von Euboea. Zool. Anz. 14: 418.
* Engelmann, W.E. et al. 1993. Lurche und Kriechtiere Europas. Neumann Verlag (Radebeul, Germany), 440 pp.
* Elaphe quatuorlineata at the New Reptile Database. Accessed on 02 sep 2008.

Vernacular names
English: Four-lined Ratsnake
日本語: シマヘビ

Elaphe quatuorlineata or the Four-lined Snake (Croatian: Kravosas) is Europe's largest non-venomous colubrid species.

Geographic range

It can be found in southern Europe, mostly in Italy and the Balkans from Croatia to Greece.

Description

Adults are yellowish brown with four dark stripes, to which the specific name refers.[2] There is a dark streak from the eye diagonally to the corner of the mouth. Juveniles have a dorsal series of dark brown blotches with alternating dark brown spots on the sides, all on a pale brown background.[3] Adults are up to 260 cm, and sometimes longer.

References

Lacépède, B.G. 1789. Histoire Naturelle des Quadrupèdes Ovipares et des Serpens. Vol. 2. Impremerie du Roi, Hôtel de Thou. Paris.

^ Boulenger, G.A. 1894. Catalogue of the Snakes in the British Museum (Natural History), Volume II. London.
^ Bruno,S. and S. Maugeri. 1977. Rettili d'Italia, Tartarughe, Sauri e Serpenti. Giunti - Martello. Firenze.
^ Schröder, Heinz. 1973. Lurche und Kriechtiere in Farben. Otto Maier Verlag. Ravensburg.

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