Proboscidea

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Superordo: Afrotheria
Cladus: Paenungulata
Ordo: Proboscidea
Familiae: †Deinotheriidae - Elephantidae - †Gomphotheriidae - †Jozaria - †Mammutidae - †Moeritheriidae - †Stegodontidae - Incertae sedis

Name

Proboscidea Illiger, 1811

Synonyms

* Proboscidiae Gray, 1821
* Probosciformes Kinman, 1994

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Български: Хоботни
English: Elephants
Español: Proboscídeos
Français: Proboscidiens
Italiano: Proboscidati
日本語: ゾウ目
Polski: Trąbowce
Svenska: Elefantdjur
Türkçe: Hortumlular
Українська: Хоботні
中文: 長鼻目


References

Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder

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Proboscidea is an order containing one living family, Elephantidae, and several recently extinct families, Gomphotheriidae (a subfamily of Elephantoidea), possibly Stegodontidae (depending on the assignment of Stegodon) and Mammutidae. Elephantidae contains three living species (the African Bush Elephant, African Forest Elephant, and Asian Elephant) and the now extinct mammoth species of genus Mammuthus from Eurasia and North America. Other recently extinct species that were present at the end of the last ice age include several gomphotheres in Central and South America, several stegodonts in parts of Asia, and the American mastodon of Mammutidae in North America.[1]

Going further back in time, in the late Tertiary, species present included the "shovel tuskers" like Platybelodon and Amebelodon. The earliest known proboscidean is Eritherium[2], followed by Phosphatherium, both dating from Paleocene deposits of Morocco. From the Eocene, several very primitive proboscideans are known, including the African Numidotherium, Barytherium, Moeritherium and the Anthracobunidae from the Indian subcontinent.

References

1. ^ Bjorn Kurten, Elaine Anderson (2005-05-17). "Pleistocene mammals of North America - Google Books". Google Book Search. Retrieved 2009-07-01.
2. ^ Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, DOI:10.1073/pnas.0900251106
3. ^ Elephantidae MSW3 database. Bucknell University

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