Gazella saudiya

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Superordo: Cetartiodactyla
Ordo: Artiodactyla
Subordo: Ruminantia
Familia: Bovidae
Subfamilia: Antilopinae
Genus: Gazella
Species: Gazella saudiya

Name

Gazella saudiya Carruthers & Schwarz, 1935

Vernacular names
العربية: غزال سعودي
English: Saudi gazelle
Español: Gacela saudi

References

* IUCN link: Gazella saudiya Carruthers & Schwarz, 1935 (Extinct In The Wild)
* Gazella saudiya on Mammal Species of the World.
* Mammal Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, 2 Volume Set edited by Don E. Wilson, DeeAnn M. Reeder

The Saudi Gazelle, (Gazella saudiya), is an extinct species of gazelle that was once found in the Arabian peninsula. It is extinct due to hunting by humans of its native lands.[1]. It was declared to be extinct in 2008, but it is likely to have disappeared before that.

The Saudi Gazelle once lived in the gravel and sandy plains of North and Western Arabian peninsula. It once occurred widely from Kuwait to Yemen, with most of the records coming from Western Saudi Arabia. The Saudi gazelles are found singly or in groups up to 20.[1]

The Saudi Gazelle was formerly seen as a subspecies of the Dorcas Gazelle, which is why its decline and extinction received so little conversational attention. Recent genetic studies proved its position as a separate species. Apart from genetic differerences, the Saudi gazelle also had shorter legs than and was lighter in color.[2]

The species was always rare and declining due to excessive hunting. The species has not been seen for a few decades, and was declared to be Extinct in the Wild in 1980. Recent genetic analysis of all reported specimens of G. saudiya in captive collections has shown that these represent different species or hybrids.[1][3] There are frequent surveys attempting to find pure Saudi gazelles in private owned gazelles and in the wild, but there have been no evidence of surviving individuals. The Saudi gazelle was officially declared to be Extinct by IUCN in 2008.

References

^ a b c d IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). Gazella saudiya. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 5 January 2009.
^ The Extinction Website - Species Info - Saudi Gazelle
^ Hammond, Robert L., Macasero, William, Flores, Benito, Mohammed, Osama B., Wacher, Tim & Bruford, Michael W. (2001). Phylogenetic Reanalysis of the Saudi Gazelle and Its Implications for Conservation. Conservation Biology 15 (4), 1123-1133.

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