Canariomys tamarani Lopez-Martinez and Lopez-Jurado, 1987
Extinct about 2000 year before present.
* López-Martinez, N. & Lopez-Jurado, L.F. 1987. Un nuevo murido gigante del Cuaternario de Gran Canaria Canariomys tamarana nov. sp. (Rodentia, Mammalia). - Donana, Publ. Ocas., 2, S. 1-60.
The Gran Canaria Giant Rat (Canariomys tamarani) is an extinct species of rat endemic to the island of Gran Canaria (Canary Islands, Spain).
This rodent is only known from fossil remains. At different places on the centre of the island of Gran Canaria fossil remains were found, of which the youngest were dated back from shortly before the beginning of the Common Era. This species was previous listed on the 2000 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species as extinct, but was removed from the list because it is considered this species to have become extinct before 1500 AD.
The giant rat reached a body length of about 25 cm, that is resembling the size of the Brown Rat. It is supposed that the appearance of humans and the introducing of feral cats had led to the extinction of the giant rat.
Another giant rat of the Canary Islands was the Tenerife Giant Rat, Canariomys bravoi.
Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License