Anchitherium

Anchitherium

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Ordo: Perissodactyla
Familia: Equidae
Subfamilia: †Anchitheriinae
Genus: Anchitherium
Species: A. alberdiae - A. aurelianense - A. australis - A. castellanum - A. clarencei - A. corcolense - A. cursor - A. ezquerrae - A. gobiense - A. hippoides - A. matritense - A. navasotae - A. parequinum - A. procerum

Name

Anchitherium von Meyer 1844

References

* The Paleobiology Database Anchitherium page Accessed on 8 March 2009

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Anchitherium - pelvis (pelvis)

Anchitherium - pelvis

Anchitherium was a fossil horse with a three-toed hoof.

Anchitherium was a browsing (leaf eating) horse that originated in the early Miocene of North America and subsequently dispersed to Europe and Asia [4][3], where it gave rise to the larger bodied genus Sinohippus [1]. It was around 60 centimetres (10 h) high at the shoulder, and probably represented a side-branch of horse evolution that left no modern descendants.[5]

DSCF4392

Anchitherium - Mandibula

References

1. ^ a b c Salesa, M.J., Sánchez, I.M., and Morales, J. 2004. Presence of the Asian horse Sinohippus in the Miocene of Europe. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 49(2):189-196.
2. ^ Sánchez, I.M., Salesa, M.J., and Morales, J. 1998. Revisión sistemática del género Anchitherium Meyer, 1834 (Equidae; Perissodactyla) en España. Estudios Geológicos, 55(1-2):1-37
3. ^ a b Ye, J., W.-Y. Wu, and J. Meng. 2005. Anchitherium (Perissodactyla, Mammalia) from the Halamagai Formation of Northern Junggar Basin, Xinjiang. Vertebrata Palasiatica, 43(2):100-109 (in Chinese with English summary).
4. ^ a b MacFadden, B.J. 2001. Three-toed browsing horse Anchitherium clarencei from the early Miocene (Hemingfordian) Thomas Farm, Florida. Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History, 43(3):79-109.
5. ^ Palmer, D., ed (1999). The Marshall Illustrated Encyclopedia of Dinosaurs and Prehistoric Animals. London: Marshall Editions. p. 274. ISBN 1-84028-152-9.

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