Hellenica World

Trochilinae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Trochiliformes
Familia: Trochilidae
Subfamilia: Trochilinae
Genera: Abeillia - Adelomyia - Aglaeactis - Aglaiocercus - Agyrtria - Amazilia - Androdon - Anthocephala - Anthracothorax - Archilochus - Atthis - Augastes - Avocettula - Boissonneaua - Calliphlox - Calothorax - Calypte - Campylopterus - Chaetocercus - Chalcostigma - Chalybura - Chlorostilbon - Chrysolampis - Chrysuronia - Clytolaema - Coeligena - Colibri - Cyanophaia - Cynanthus - Damophila - Discosura - Doricha - Doryfera - Elvira - Ensifera - Eriocnemis - Eugenes - Eulampis - Eulidia - Eupetomena - Eupherusa - Florisuga - Goethalsia - Goldmania - Haplophaedia - Heliactin - Heliangelus - Heliodoxa - Heliomaster - Heliothryx - Hylocharis - Hylonympha - Klais - Lafresnaya - Lampornis - Lamprolaima - Lepidopyga - Lesbia - Leucippus - Leucochloris - Loddigesia - Lophornis - Mellisuga - Metallura - Microchera - Microstilbon - Myrmia - Myrtis - Ocreatus - Opisthoprora - Oreonympha - Oreotrochilus - Orthorhyncus - Oxypogon - Panterpe - Patagona - Phaeochroa - Phlogophilus - Polyerata - Polyonymus - Polytmus - Popelairia - Pterophanes - Ramphomicron - Rhodopis - Sappho - Saucerottia - Schistes - Selasphorus - Sephanoides - Stellula - Stephanoxis - Sternoclyta - Taphrolesbia - Thalurania - Thaumastura - Tilmatura - Topaza - Trochilus - Urochroa - Urosticte

Name

Trochilinae

Trochilinae is a subfamily of the hummingbird family (Trochilidae). Members of the subfamily Trochilinae are sometimes called typical hummingbirds. They typically display iridescent plumage in metallic reds, oranges, greens and/or blues. Strong sexual dimorphism in plumage and size is evident in many species.

Taxonomic list

* Genus Androdon
o Tooth-billed Hummingbird, Androdon aequatorialis

* Genus Doryfera
o Green-fronted Lancebill, Doryfera ludovicae
o Blue-fronted Lancebill, Doryfera johannae

* Genus Phaeochroa
o Scaly-breasted Hummingbird, Phaeochroa cuvierii

* Genus Campylopterus – sabrewings (12 species)

* Genus Eupetomena
o Swallow-tailed Hummingbird, Eupetomena macrourus

* Genus Florisuga
o White-necked Jacobin, Florisuga mellivora
o Black Jacobin, Florisuga fuscus

* Genus Colibri – violet-ears (4 species)


* Genus Anthracothorax
o Green-throated Mango, Anthracothorax viridigula
o Green-breasted Mango, Anthracothorax prevostii
o Black-throated Mango, Anthracothorax nigricollis
o Veraguan Mango, Anthracothorax veraguensis
o Antillean Mango, Anthracothorax dominicus
o Green Mango, Anthracothorax viridis
o Jamaican Mango, Anthracothorax mango

* Genus Avocettula
o Fiery-tailed Awlbill, Avocettula recurvirostris

* Genus Topaza
o Crimson Topaz, Topaza pella
o Fiery Topaz, Topaza pyra

* Genus Eulampis
o Purple-throated Carib, Eulampis jugularis
o Green-throated Carib, Eulampis holosericeus

* Genus Chrysolampis – Ruby-topaz Hummingbird

* Genus Orthorhyncus
o Antillean Crested Hummingbird, Orthorhyncus cristatus

* Genus Klais
o Violet-headed Hummingbird, Klais guimeti

* Genus Stephanoxis
o Plovercrest, Stephanoxis lalandi

* Genus Abeillia
o Emerald-chinned Hummingbird, Abeillia abeillei

* Genus Lophornis

o Tufted Coquette, Lophornis ornatus
o Dot-eared Coquette, Lophornis gouldii
o Frilled Coquette, Lophornis magnificus
o Short-crested Coquette, Lophornis brachylophus
o Rufous-crested Coquette, Lophornis delattrei
o Spangled Coquette, Lophornis stictolophus
o Festive Coquette, Lophornis chalybeus
o Peacock Coquette, Lophornis pavoninus
o Black-crested Coquette, Lophornis helenae
o White-crested Coquette, Lophornis adorabilis

* Genus Discosura
o Wire-crested Thorntail, Discosura popelairii
o Black-bellied Thorntail, Discosura langsdorffi
o Coppery Thorntail, Discosura letitiae (possibly extinct)
o Green Thorntail, Discosura conversii
o Racket-tailed Coquette, Discosura longicauda

* Genus Trochilus
o Green-and-black Streamertail, Trochilus polytmus
o Black-billed Streamertail, Trochilus scitulus

* Genus Chlorostilbon
o Blue-chinned Sapphire, Chlorostilbon notatus
o Blue-tailed Emerald, Chlorostilbon mellisugus
o Golden-crowned Emerald, Chlorostilbon auriceps
o Cozumel Emerald, Chlorostilbon forficatus
o Canivet's Emerald, Chlorostilbon canivetii
o Garden Emerald, Chlorostilbon assimilis
o Glittering-bellied Emerald, Chlorostilbon aureoventris
o Chiribiquete Emerald, Chlorostilbon olivaresi
o Cuban Emerald, Chlorostilbon ricordii
Cuban Emerald
Chlorostilbon ricordii
o Brace's Emerald, Chlorostilbon bracei (extinct)
o Gould's Emerald, Chlorostilbon elegans (extinct)
o Hispaniolan Emerald, Chlorostilbon swainsonii
o Puerto Rican Emerald, Chlorostilbon maugaeus
o Coppery Emerald, Chlorostilbon russatus
o Narrow-tailed Emerald, Chlorostilbon stenurus
o Green-tailed Emerald, Chlorostilbon alice
o Short-tailed Emerald, Chlorostilbon poortmani

* Genus Basilinna (recently split from Hylocharis)
o Xantus's Hummingbird, Basilinna xantusii
o White-eared Hummingbird, Basilinna leucotis

* Genus Elvira
o White-tailed Emerald, Elvira chionura
o Coppery-headed Emerald, Elvira cupreiceps

* Genus Eupherusa
o Blue-capped Hummingbird, Eupherusa cyanophrys
o White-tailed Hummingbird, Eupherusa poliocerca
o Stripe-tailed Hummingbird, Eupherusa eximia
o Black-bellied Hummingbird, Eupherusa nigriventris

* Genus Goethalsia
o Rufous-cheeked Hummingbird, Goethalsia bella

* Genus Goldmania
o Violet-capped Hummingbird, Goldmania violiceps

* Genus Cynanthus
o Dusky Hummingbird, Cynanthus sordidus
o Broad-billed Hummingbird, Cynanthus latirostris
o Blue-headed Hummingbird, Cyanophaia bicolor

* Genus Thalurania
o Violet-crowned Woodnymph, Thalurania colombica
o Mexican Woodnymph, Thalurania ridgwayi
o Green-crowned Woodnymph, Thalurania fannyi
o Fork-tailed Woodnymph, Thalurania furcata
o Long-tailed Woodnymph, Thalurania watertonii
o Violet-capped Woodnymph, Thalurania glaucopis

* Genus Damophila
o Violet-bellied Hummingbird, Damophila julie

* Genus Lepidopyga
o Sapphire-throated Hummingbird, Lepidopyga coeruleogularis
o Sapphire-bellied Hummingbird, Lepidopyga lilliae
o Shining-green Hummingbird, Lepidopyga goudoti

* Genus Hylocharis
o Blue-throated Goldentail, Hylocharis eliciae
o Rufous-throated Sapphire, Hylocharis sapphirina
o White-chinned Sapphire, Hylocharis cyanus
o Gilded Sapphire, Hylocharis chrysura
o Blue-headed Sapphire, Hylocharis grayi

* Genus Chrysuronia
o Golden-tailed Sapphire, Chrysuronia oenone

* Genus Leucochloris
o White-throated Hummingbird, Leucochloris albicollis

* Genus Polytmus
o White-tailed Goldenthroat, Polytmus guainumbi
o Tepui Goldenthroat, Polytmus milleri
o Green-tailed Goldenthroat, Polytmus theresiae

* Genus Leucippus
o Buffy Hummingbird, Leucippus fallax
o Tumbes Hummingbird, Leucippus baeri
o Spot-throated Hummingbird, Leucippus taczanowskii
o Olive-spotted Hummingbird, Leucippus chlorocercus
o White-bellied Hummingbird, Leucippus chionogaster
o Green-and-white Hummingbird, Leucippus viridicauda
o Many-spotted Hummingbird, Leucippus hypostictus

* Genus Amazilia

o Rufous-tailed Hummingbird, Amazilia tzacatl
o Chestnut-bellied Hummingbird, Amazilia castaneiventris
o Amazilia Hummingbird, Amazilia amazilia
o Loja Hummingbird, Amazilia alticola
o Buff-bellied Hummingbird, Amazilia yucatanensis
o Cinnamon Hummingbird, Amazilia rutila
o Honduran Emerald, Amazilia luciae

* Genus Agyrtria
o Plain-bellied Emerald, Agyrtria leucogaster
o Versicolored Emerald, Agyrtria versicolor
o Rondonia Emerald, Agyrtria rondoniae
o White-chested Emerald, Agyrtria brevirostris
o Andean Emerald, Agyrtria franciae
o White-bellied Emerald, Agyrtria candida
o Azure-crowned Hummingbird, Agyrtria cyanocephala
o Violet-crowned Hummingbird, Agyrtria violiceps
o Green-fronted Hummingbird, Agyrtria viridifrons

* Genus Polyerata
o Sapphire-spangled Emerald, Polyerata lactea
o Glittering-throated Emerald, Polyerata fimbriata
o Blue-chested Hummingbird, Polyerata amabilis
o Charming Hummingbird, Polyerata decora
o Purple-chested Hummingbird, Polyerata rosenbergi
o Mangrove Hummingbird, Polyerata boucardi
o Honduran Emerald, Polyerata luciae

* Genus Saucerottia
o Steely-vented Hummingbird, Saucerottia saucerrottei
o Indigo-capped Hummingbird, Saucerottia cyanifrons
o Alfaro's Hummingbird, Saucerottia alfaroana (probably extinct)
o Snowy-bellied Hummingbird, Saucerottia edward
o Blue-tailed Hummingbird, Saucerottia cyanura
o Berylline Hummingbird, Saucerottia beryllina
o Green-bellied Hummingbird, Saucerottia viridigaster
o Copper-tailed Hummingbird, Saucerottia cupreicauda
o Copper-rumped Hummingbird, Saucerottia tobaci

* Genus Panterpe – Fiery-throated Hummingbird

* Genus Oreopyra
o White-bellied Mountain-gem, Oreopyra hemileucus (recently split from Lampornis)

* Genus Microchera – Snowcap

* Genus Anthocephala
o Blossomcrown, Anthocephala floriceps

* Genus Chalybura
o White-vented Plumeleteer, Chalybura buffonii
o Bronze-tailed Plumeleteer, Chalybura urochrysia

* Genus Lampornis – typical mountain-gems (6-8 species)


* Genus Phlogophilus
o Ecuadorian Piedtail, Phlogophilus hemileucurus
o Peruvian Piedtail, Phlogophilus harterti

* Genus Adelomyia – Speckled Hummingbird

* Genus Clytolaema – Brazilian Ruby

* Genus Heliodoxa
o Gould's Jewelfront, Heliodoxa aurescens
o Fawn-breasted Brilliant, Heliodoxa rubinoides
o Violet-fronted Brilliant, Heliodoxa leadbeateri
o Velvet-browed Brilliant, Heliodoxa xanthogonys
o Black-throated Brilliant, Heliodoxa schreibersii
o Pink-throated Brilliant, Heliodoxa gularis
o Rufous-webbed Brilliant, Heliodoxa branickii
o Empress Brilliant, Heliodoxa imperatrix
o Green-crowned Brilliant, Heliodoxa jacula

* Genus Lamprolaima
o Garnet-throated Hummingbird, Lamprolaima rhami

* Genus Eugenes – Magnificent Hummingbird

* Genus Hylonympha
o Scissor-tailed Hummingbird, Hylonympha macrocerca

* Genus Sternoclyta – Violet-chested Hummingbird

* Genus Urochroa
o White-tailed Hillstar, Urochroa bougueri

* Genus Boissonneaua
o Chestnut-breasted Coronet, Boissonneaua matthewsii
o Buff-tailed Coronet, Boissonneaua flavescens
o Velvet-purple Coronet, Boissonneaua jardini

* Genus Aglaeactis
o Shining Sunbeam, Aglaeactis cupripennis
o White-tufted Sunbeam, Aglaeactis castelnaudii
o Purple-backed Sunbeam, Aglaeactis aliciae
o Black-hooded Sunbeam, Aglaeactis pamela

* Genus Oreotrochilus
o Andean Hillstar, Oreotrochilus estella
o Chimborazo Hillstar, Oreotrochilus chimborazo
o Green-headed Hillstar, Oreotrochilus stolzmanni
o White-sided Hillstar, Oreotrochilus leucopleurus
o Black-breasted Hillstar, Oreotrochilus melanogaster
o Wedge-tailed Hillstar, Oreotrochilus adela

* Genus Lafresnaya
o Mountain Velvetbreast, Lafresnaya lafresnayi

* Genus Coeligena
o Bronzy Inca, Coeligena coeligena
o Brown Inca, Coeligena wilsoni
o Black Inca, Coeligena prunellei
o Gould's Inca, Coeligena inca
o Collared Inca, Coeligena torquata
o White-tailed Starfrontlet, Coeligena phalerata
o Golden Starfrontlet, Coeligena eos
o Golden-bellied Starfrontlet, Coeligena bonapartei
o Blue-throated Starfrontlet, Coeligena helianthea
o Buff-winged Starfrontlet, Coeligena lutetiae
o Violet-throated Starfrontlet, Coeligena violifer
o Rainbow Starfrontlet, Coeligena iris
o Dusky Starfrontlet, Coeligena orina

* Genus Ensifera – Sword-billed Hummingbird


* Genus Pterophanes
o Great Sapphirewing, Pterophanes cyanopterus

* Genus Patagona – Giant Hummingbird

* Genus Sephanoides
o Green-backed Firecrown, Sephanoides sephaniodes
o Juan Fernández Firecrown, Sephanoides fernandensis
+ Alejandro Selkirk Firecrown, Sephanoides fernandensis leyboldi – extinct (1908)

* Genus Heliangelus
o Longuemare's Sunangel, Heliangelus clarisse
o Orange-throated Sunangel, Heliangelus mavors
o Amethyst-throated Sunangel, Heliangelus amethysticollis
o Gorgeted Sunangel, Heliangelus strophianus
o Tourmaline Sunangel, Heliangelus exortis
o Little Sunangel, Heliangelus micrastur
o Purple-throated Sunangel, Heliangelus viola
o Royal Sunangel, Heliangelus regalis
o Bogota Sunangel, Heliangelus zusii (probably extinct)

* Genus Eriocnemis (12 species, possibly one recently extinct)

* Genus Haplophaedia
o Greenish Puffleg, Haplophaedia aureliae
o Buff-thighed Puffleg, Haplophaedia assimilis
o Hoary Puffleg, Haplophaedia lugens

* Genus Urosticte
o Purple-bibbed Whitetip, Urosticte benjamini
o Rufous-vented Whitetip, Urosticte ruficrissa

* Genus Ocreatus – Booted Racket-tail

* Genus Lesbia
o Black-tailed Trainbearer, Lesbia victoriae
o Green-tailed Trainbearer, Lesbia nuna

* Genus Sappho – Red-tailed Comet

* Genus Polyonymus
o Bronze-tailed Comet, Polyonymus caroli

* Genus Ramphomicron
o Purple-backed Thornbill, Ramphomicron microrhynchum
o Black-backed Thornbill, Ramphomicron dorsale

* Genus Oreonympha
o Bearded Mountaineer, Oreonympha nobilis

* Genus Oxypogon
o Bearded Helmetcrest, Oxypogon guerinii

* Genus Metallura
o Tyrian Metaltail, Metallura tyrianthina
o Perija Metaltail, Metallura iracunda
o Scaled Metaltail, Metallura aeneocauda
o Fire-throated Metaltail, Metallura eupogon
o Coppery Metaltail, Metallura theresiae
o Neblina Metaltail, Metallura odomae
o Violet-throated Metaltail, Metallura baroni
o Viridian Metaltail, Metallura williami
o Black Metaltail, Metallura phoebe

* Genus Chalcostigma
o Rufous-capped Thornbill, Chalcostigma ruficeps
o Olivaceous Thornbill, Chalcostigma olivaceum
o Blue-mantled Thornbill, Chalcostigma stanleyi
o Bronze-tailed Thornbill, Chalcostigma heteropogon
o Rainbow-bearded Thornbill, Chalcostigma herrani

* Genus Opisthoprora
o Mountain Avocetbill, Opisthoprora euryptera

* Genus Taphrolesbia
o Gray-bellied Comet, Taphrolesbia griseiventris

* Genus Aglaiocercus
o Long-tailed Sylph, Aglaiocercus kingi
o Violet-tailed Sylph, Aglaiocercus coelestis
o Venezuelan Sylph, Aglaiocercus berlepschi

* Genus Augastes
o Hyacinth Visorbearer, Augastes scutatus
o Hooded Visorbearer, Augastes lumachella

* Genus Schistes - sometimes included in Augastes
o Wedge-billed Hummingbird, Schistes geoffroyi

* Genus Heliothryx
o Purple-crowned Fairy, Heliothryx barroti
o Black-eared Fairy, Heliothryx aurita

* Genus Heliactin – Horned Sungem

* Genus Loddigesia – Marvelous Spatuletail

* Genus Heliomaster
o Plain-capped Starthroat, Heliomaster constantii
o Long-billed Starthroat, Heliomaster longirostris
o Stripe-breasted Starthroat, Heliomaster squamosus
o Blue-tufted Starthroat, Heliomaster furcifer

* Genus Rhodopis
o Oasis Hummingbird, Rhodopis vesper

* Genus Thaumastura
o Peruvian Sheartail, Thaumastura cora

* Genus Tilmatura
o Sparkling-tailed Hummingbird, Tilmatura dupontii

* Genus Doricha
o Slender Sheartail, Doricha enicura
o Mexican Sheartail, Doricha eliza

* Genus Calliphlox – includes Philodice
o Bahama Woodstar, Calliphlox evelynae
o Magenta-throated Woodstar, Calliphlox bryantae
o Purple-throated Woodstar, Calliphlox mitchellii
o Amethyst Woodstar, Calliphlox amethystina

* Genus Microstilbon
o Slender-tailed Woodstar, Microstilbon burmeisteri

* Genus Calothorax
o Lucifer Hummingbird, Calothorax lucifer
o Beautiful Hummingbird, Calothorax pulcher

* Genus Mellisuga
o Vervain Hummingbird, Mellisuga minima
o Bee Hummingbird, Mellisuga helenae

* Genus Archilochus

o Ruby-throated Hummingbird, Archilochus colubris
o Black-chinned Hummingbird, Archilochus alexandri

* Genus Calypte
o Anna's Hummingbird, Calypte anna
o Costa's Hummingbird, Calypte costae

* Genus Atthis
o Bumblebee Hummingbird, Atthis heloisa
o Wine-throated Hummingbird, Atthis ellioti

* Genus Stellula – Calliope Hummingbird

* Genus Myrtis
o Purple-collared Woodstar, Myrtis fanny

* Genus Eulidia
o Chilean Woodstar, Eulidia yarrellii

* Genus Myrmia
o Short-tailed Woodstar, Myrmia micrura

* Genus Chaetocercus – typical woodstars (6 species, includes Acestrura)

* Genus Selasphorus (6 species)

Biology Encyclopedia

Birds Images

Source: Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

Index

Scientific Library - Scientificlib.com