Hellenica World

Trachyphonus

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Piciformes
Familia: Ramphastidae
Subfamilia: Lybiinae
Genus: Trachyphonus
Species: T. darnaudii - T. erythrocephalus - T. margaritatus - T. vaillantii

Name

Trachyphonus Ranzani, 1821

Reference

Elementi di Zoologia 3 pt2 p.157

The African terrestrial barbets are the bird genus Trachyphonus in the African barbet family (Lybiidae) which was formerly included in the Capitonidae and sometimes in the Ramphastidae. These birds are more terrestrial than the other African barbets and differ in some other respects too; they are thus separated in a monotypic subfamily Trachyphoninae.
Species in taxonomic sequence

* Yellow-billed Barbet, Trachyphonus purpuratus
* Crested Barbet, Trachyphonus vaillantii
* Yellow-breasted Barbet, Trachyphonus margaritatus
* Red-and-yellow Barbet, Trachyphonus erythrocephalus
* D'Arnaud's Barbet, Trachyphonus darnaudii
* Usambiro Barbet, Trachyphonus usambiro

The Early to Middle Miocene genus Capitonides from Europe as well as "CMC 152", a distal carpometacarpus from the Middle Miocene locality of Grive-Saint-Alban (France) have been placed into this genus[1], but this move is not widely accepted. In the case of "CMC 152", this may be more warranted as this fragment differs from Capitonides and is more similar to extant (presumably Old World) barbets[2].
Footnotes

1. ^ Mlíkovský (2002)
2. ^ Ballmann (1969)

References

* Ballmann, Peter (1969): Les Oiseaux miocènes de la Grive-Saint-Alban (Isère) [The Miocene birds of Grive-Saint-Alban (Isère)]. Geobios 2: 157-204. [French with English abstract] doi:10.1016/S0016-6995(69)80005-7 (HTML abstract)
* Mlíkovský, Jirí (2002): Cenozoic Birds of the World, Part 1: Europe. Ninox Press, Prague. ISBN 80-901105-3-8 PDF fulltext

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