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Thraupis

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea
Familia: Thraupidae
Genus: Thraupis
Species: T. abbas - T. bonariensis - T. cyanocephala - T. cyanoptera - T. episcopus - T. glaucocolpa - T. ornata - T. palmarum - T. sayaca

Name

Thraupis Boie, 1826

Thraupis is a genus of birds of the tanager family occurring from Mexico to Argentina. Some are familiar species with large ranges.

These tanagers are mainly found in semi-open habitats including plantations and open woodland, but some will venture into towns. They feed from medium to high levels in trees, taking mainly fruit, with some nectar, and insects which may be taken in flight.

The pair builds a usually well concealed cup nest, but the female incubates alone. The Blue-gray and Palm Tanagers will nest in buildings.

Thraupis tanagers have squeaky call notes and songs which consist of 5-10 repetitions of a single or double note.

Species in taxonomic order

* Blue-gray Tanager, Thraupis episcopus
* Glaucous Tanager, Thraupis glaucocolpa
* Sayaca Tanager, Thraupis sayaca
* Azure-shouldered Tanager, Thraupis cyanoptera
* Golden-chevroned Tanager, Thraupis ornata
* Blue-capped Tanager, Thraupis cyanocephala
* Blue-and-yellow Tanager, Thraupis bonariensis
o Darwin's Tanager, Thraupis (bonariensis) darwinii
* Yellow-winged Tanager, Thraupis abbas
* Palm Tanager, Thraupis palmarum


References

* ffrench, Richard (1991). A Guide to the Birds of Trinidad and Tobago (2nd edition ed.). Comstock Publishing. ISBN 0-8014-9792-2. .
* Hilty, Steven L (2003). Birds of Venezuela. London: Christopher Helm. ISBN 0-7136-6418-5. .
* Morton, Isler & Isler, Tanagers ISBN 0-7136-5116-4.
* Stiles and Skutch, A guide to the birds of Costa Rica ISBN 0-8014-9600-4.

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