Hellenica World


Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Trochiliformes
Familia: Trochilidae
Subfamilia: Trochilinae
Genus: Thalurania
Species: T. colombica - T. fannyi - T. furcata - T. glaucopis - T. ridgwayi - T. watertonii


Thalurania Gould, 1848


* PZS Pt16 no.180 p.13

Woodnymphs are hummingbird in the genus Thalurania. Males are green and violet-blue, while females are green with white-tipped tails and at least partially whitish underparts. Both sexes have an almost straight, entirely black bill and little or no white post-ocular spot. They are found in forest (primarily humid) and tall second growth. The species in this genus are almost entirely allo- or parapatric, and a species is present virtually everywhere in the tropical humid Neotropics.


In 2009 an additional species was described as the Black-capped Woodnymph (T. nigricapilla). It is reportedly restricted to Valle del Cauca in Colombia and lacks iridescence to its crown, but at present no official authority (beyond the describers themselves) recognize it as valid.

* Violet-crowned (or Purple-crowned) Woodnymph (Thalurania colombica)
* Green-crowned Woodnymph (Thalurania fannyi)
o Emerald-bellied Woodnymph (Thalurania (fannyi) hypochlora)
* Fork-tailed Woodnymph (Thalurania furcata)
* Violet-capped Woodnymph (Thalurania glaucopis)
* Mexican Woodnymph (Thalurania ridgwayi)
* Long-tailed Woodnymph (Thalurania watertonii)


* Peterson, A. T., Stiles, F. G., and Schuchmann, K. L. 1999. Woodnymphs (Thalurania). pp. 585–586 in: del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., and Sargatal, J. eds. 1999. Handbook of the Birds of the World. Vol. 5. Barn-owls to Hummingbirds. Lynx Edicions, Barcelona. ISBN 84-87334-25-3
* Valdés-Velásquez, A., Schuchmann, K. L. 2009. A new species of hummingbird (Thalurania; Trochilidae, Trochilinae) from the western Colombian Andes. Ornithologisher Anzeiger 48: 143-149

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