Rheinardia ocellata

Rheinardia ocellata, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Galliformes
Familia: Phasianidae
Subfamilia: Phasianinae
Genus: Rheinardia
Species: Rheinardia ocellata

Rheinardia ocellata, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Name

Rheinardia ocellata (Elliot, 1871)

Reference

Annals and Magazine of Natural History (4) 8 p.119

Vernacular names
Internationalization
English: Crested Argus

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The Crested Argus, Rheinardia ocellata, is a large (up to 235cm long) and spectacular pheasant with dark-brown-spotted black and buff plumage, a pink bill, brown irises and blue skin around the eyes. The head is small, decorated with white erect crest feathers on the rear crown. The male has a broad and greatly elongated tail of twelve feathers, up to nearly two meters long (for a long time, considered the longest feathers from a wild bird species). The female looks similar, with a shorter crest and tail. It is the only member in monotypic genus Rheinardia.

Little is known about this species in the wild. A shy and elusive bird, the Crested Argus is found in forests of Vietnam, Laos and Malaysia in Southeast Asia. The diet consists mainly of leaves, fruits, insects, grubs and small animals.

Due to ongoing habitat loss as well as overhunting in some areas, the Crested Argus is evaluated as Near Threatened on the IUCN Red List. It is listed on Appendix I of CITES.

References

* BirdLife International (2005). Rheinardia ocellata. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 30 October 2006. Database entry includes a brief justification of why this species is near threatened

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