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Petroica

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Corvida
Superfamilia: Corvoidea
Familia: Petroicidae
Genus: Petroica
Species: P. archboldi - P. australis - P. bivittata - P. boodang - P. goodenovii - P. macrocephala - P. multicolor - P. phoenicea - P. rodinogaster - P. rosea - P. traversi

Name

Petroica Swainson, 1829

Reference

Zoological Illustrations (2) 1 pl.36,text

Petroica is a genus of Australasian robins, named due to their red and pink markings. They are not closely related to the European Robin nor the American robin. The generic name is derived from the Ancient Greek words petro- "rock" and oikos "home", from birds' habits of sitting on rocks.

Many species in Australia have a red breast and are known colloquially as "Red Robins" as distinct from the "Yellow Robins" of the genus Eopsaltria.[1]

Species and subspecies

* New Zealand Robin (Petroica australis)
* North Island Robin (Petroica longipes)
* Pacific Robin (Petroica multicolor)
o Norfolk Island Pacific Robin
* Scarlet Robin (Petroica boodang)
* Red-capped Robin (Petroica goodenovii)
* Flame Robin (Petroica phoenicea)
* Black Robin (Petroica traversi)
* Tomtit (Petroica macrocephala)
o Chatham Island Tomtit (P. macrocephala chathamensis)
* Rose Robin (Petroica rosea)
* Pink Robin (Petroica rodinogaster)
* Snow Mountain Robin (Petroica archboldi)
* Alpine Robin (Petroica bivittata)


References

1. ^ Dowling DK (2003). "Breeding biology of the red-capped robin". Australian Journal of Zoology (CSIRO Publishing) 51 (6): 533–549. doi:10.1071/ZO03028. http://publish.csiro.au/paper/ZO03028.htm. Retrieved 2007-06-07.

* Del Hoyo, J.; Elliot, A. & Christie D. (editors). (2006). Handbook of the Birds of the World. Volume 12: Picathartes to Tits and Chickadees. Lynx Edicions. ISBN 9788496553422

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