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Petrochelidon fulva

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Sylvioidea
Familia: Hirundinidae
Genus: Petrochelidon
Species: Petrochelidon fulva
Subspecies: P. f. aequatorialis - P. f. cavicola - P. f. citata - P. f. fulva - P. f. pallida - P. f. pelodoma - P. f. poeciloma - P. f. puertoricensis


Petrochelidon fulva (Vieillot, 1808)

Vernacular names


Histoire naturelle des oiseaux de l'Amérique septentrionale 1(1807) p.62 pl.32

The Cave Swallow, Petrochelidon fulva, belonging to the same genus as the more familiar and widespread Cliff Swallow of North America, occurs in Mexico and the Greater Antilles, with fall and winter vagrants reaching the East and Gulf Coasts of the U.S..

The Cave Swallow measures from 12 to 14 cm in length and weighs 19 g on average. It has grey-blue upperparts and brown-tangerine forefront and throat.

There are two races in the southern U.S.; one fulva in Florida, and one pelodoma in the states of southwestern United States, and Northeast Mexico. The Cuban race cavicola is very similar to fulva.
[edit] References

* BirdLife International (2004). Petrochelidon fulva. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 06 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
* (Spanish) Oberle, Mark (2003). Las aves de Puerto Rico en fotografías. Editorial Humanitas. ISBN 0-9650104-2-2.

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