Hellenica World

Pelargopsis capensis

Pelargopsis capensis, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Coraciiformes
Familia: Alcedinidae
Subfamilia: Halcyoninae
Genus: Pelargopsis
Species: Pelargopsis capensis
Subspecies: P. c. burmanica - P. c. capensis - P. c. cyanopteryx - P. c. floresiana - P. c. fraseri - P. c. gigantea - P. c. gouldi - P. c. inominata - P. c. intermedia - P. c. isoptera - P. c. javana - P. c. malaccensis - P. c. nesoeca - P. c. osmastoni - P. c. shekarii - P. c. simalurensis - P. c. smithi - P. c. sodalis

Name

Pelargopsis capensis (Linnaeus, 1766)

Reference

Systema Naturae ed.12 p.180

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Česky: Ledňáček gurial
Deutsch: Storchschnabelliest
English: Stork-billed Kingfisher
Esperanto: Cikonibeka arbalciono
Français: Martin-chasseur gurial
Bahasa Indonesia: Pekaka Emas
Bahasa Melayu: Burung Pekaka Paruh Pendek

Pelargopsis capensis burmanica

The Stork-billed Kingfisher, Pelargopsis capensis (formerly Halcyon capensis), is a tree kingfisher which is widely but sparsely distributed in tropical south Asia from India and Sri Lanka to Indonesia. This kingfisher is essentially resident throughout its range.

This is a very large kingfisher, 35 cm in length. The adult has a green back, blue wings and tail, and grey head. Its underparts and neck are buff. The very large bill and legs are bright red. The flight of the Stork-billed Kingfisher is laboured and flapping, but direct. Sexes are similar. There are 15 races, mostly differing in plumage detail, but P. c. gigantea of the Sulu Islands has a white head, neck and underparts. The call of this noisy kingfisher is a low and far reaching peer-por-por repeated every 5 seconds or so as well cackling ke-ke-ke-ke-ke-ke.

Stork-billed Kingfisher is a species of a variety of well-wooded habitats near lakes, rivers or coasts. It perches quietly whilst seeking food, and is often inconspicuous despite its size. It is territorial and will chase away eagles and other large predators. This species hunts fish, frogs, crabs, rodents and young birds.

Stork-billed Kingfisher digs its nest in a river bank, decaying tree, or a tree termite nest. A clutch of two to five round white eggs is typical.

References

* BirdLife International (2004). Pelargopsis capensis. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 11 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern
* C H Fry & Kathie Fry; illustrated by Alan Harris (2000). Kingfishers, Bee-eaters and Rollers. Princeton University Press. ISBN 0691048797.

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