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Pelargopsis

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Coraciiformes
Familia: Alcedinidae
Subfamilia: Halcyoninae
Genus: Pelargopsis
Species: P. amauropterus - P. capensis - P. melanorhyncha

Name

Pelargopsis Gloger, 1841

Reference

Gemeinutziges Hand-und Hilfsbuch der Naturgeschichte, &c. p.338

Pelargopsis is a genus of tree kingfishers which are resident in tropical south Asia from India and Sri Lanka to Indonesia. The species in taxonomic order are:

* Brown-winged Kingfisher, Pelargopsis amauropterus
* Stork-billed Kingfisher, Pelargopsis capensis
* Great-billed Kingfisher, Black-billed Kingfisher or Celebes Stork-billed Kingfisher, Pelargopsis melanorhyncha

These three kingfishers wer previously placed in the genus Halcyon.

These are very large kingfishers, 35 cm in length. They have very large red or black bills and bright red legs. The head and underparts of these species are white or buff, and the wings and back are darker, coloured variously in green and blue, brown or black depending on species. Sexes are similar. The flight of the Pelargopsis kingfishers is flapping, but direct.

Pelargopsis kingfishers inhabit a variety of well-wooded habitats near lakes, rivers, estuaries or coasts. They perches quietly whilst seeking food, and are often inconspicuous despite their size. They are territorial and will chase away eagles and other large predators. These species hunts crabs, fish, frogs, and in the case of Stork-billed at least, rodents and young birds.

Pelargopsis kingfishers excavate their nests in a river bank, decaying tree, or a tree termite nest and lay round white eggs.

References

* Fry, K & Fry, H.C.: Kingfishers, Bee-eaters and Rollers. ISBN 0-7136-8028-8

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