Hellenica World

Paradisaea minor

Lesser Bird of Paradise (Paradisaea minor), Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Corvida
Superfamilia: Corvoidea
Familia: Paradisaeidae
Genus: Paradisaea
Species: Paradisaea minor
Subspecies: P. m. finschi - P. m. jobiensis - P. m. minor - P. m. pulchra

Name

Paradisaea minor Shaw, 1809

Reference

General Zoology 7 pt2 p.486

Vernacular names
Internationalization
English: Lesser Bird-of-paradise
Français: Paradisier petit-émeraude
Bahasa Indonesia: Cendrawasih Kuning-kecil
日本語: コフウチョウ
Lietuvių: Mažasis rojaus paukštis

The Lesser Bird-of-paradise, Paradisaea minor, is a bird-of-paradise in the genus Paradisaea.


Description

The Lesser Bird-of-paradise is medium-sized, up to 32 cm-long, maroon-brown with a yellow crown and brownish-yellow upper back. The male has a dark emerald-green throat, a pair of long tail-wires and is adorned with ornamental flank plumes which are deep yellow at their base and fade outwards into white. The female is a maroon bird with a dark-brown head and whitish underparts.

It resembles the larger Greater Bird-of-paradise, but the male of that species has a dark chest, whereas the female is entirely brown (no whitish underparts).

Breeding

The males are polygamous, and perform courtship displays in leks. The female usually lays two pinkish eggs with dark markings in a nest in a tree high above ground. Its diet consists mainly of fruits and insects.

Distribution

The Lesser Bird-of-paradise is distributed throughout forests of northern New Guinea, and the nearby islands of Misool and Yapen. Widespread and common throughout its large range, the Lesser Bird-of-paradise is evaluated as Least Concern on the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. It is listed on Appendix II of CITES.

References

* BirdLife International (2004). Paradisaea minor. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern

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