Hellenica World

Lanius senator

Lanius senator, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Corvida
Superfamilia: Corvoidea
Familia: Laniidae
Genus: Lanius
Species: Lanius senator
Subspecies: L. s. badius - L. s. niloticus - L. s. rutilans - L. s. senator

Lanius senator (*)

Name

Lanius senator Linnaeus, 1758


Internationalization
Български: Червеноглава сврачка
Česky: Ťuhýk rudohlavý
Deutsch: Rotkopfwürger
Ελληνικά: Κοκκινοκεφαλάς
English: Woodchat Shrike
Español: Alcaudón
Italiano: Averla Capirossa
Nederlands: Roodkopklauwier
Polski: Dzierzba rudogłowa


Reference

Systema Naturae ed.10 p.94

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The Woodchat Shrike (Lanius senator) is a member of the shrike family Laniidae.

The Woodchat breeds in southern Europe, the Middle East and northwest Africa, and winters in tropical Africa. It breeds in open cultivated country, preferably with orchard trees and some bare or sandy ground.

This migratory medium-sized passerine eats large insects, small birds and frogs. Like other shrikes it hunts from prominent perches, and impales corpses on thorns or barbed wire as a "larder".

The male is a striking bird with black and white plumage and a chestnut crown. The race L. s. badius of the western Mediterranean lacks the large white wing patches.

In the female and young birds the upperparts are brown and vermiculated. Underparts are buff and also vermiculated.

This species often overshoots its breeding range on spring migration, and is a rare, but annual, visitor to Great Britain. The Balearic race badius has occurred in Britain around four times as a vagrant, and has also been recorded once in Ireland.

References

* BirdLife International (2004). Lanius senator. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 12 May 2006. Database entry includes justification for why this species is of least concern.

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