Hellenica World

Jynx torquilla

Jynx torquilla, Photo: Michael Lahanas

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Piciformes
Familia: Picidae
Subfamilia: Jynginae
Genus: Jynx
Species: Jynx torquilla
Subspecies: J. t. chinensis - J. t. himalayana - J. t. japonica - J. t. mauretanica - J. t. sarudnyi - J. t. torquilla - J. t. tschusii

Jynx torquilla (*)


Jynx torquilla Linnaeus, 1758


Systema Naturae ed.10 p.112

Vernacular names
Български: Въртошийка
Català: Colltort
Česky: Krutihlav obecný
Dansk: Vendehals
Deutsch: Wendehals
Ελληνικά: Στραβολαίμης
English: Eurasian Wryneck
Español: Torcecuello
Français: Torcol fourmilier
Italiano: Torcicollo
한국어: 개미잡이
Nederlands: Draaihals
Polski: Krętogłów
Slovenčina: Krutihlav hnedý
Slovenščina: Vijeglavka
Suomi: Käenpiika
Svenska: Göktyta
Türkçe: Bayağı boyunburan
Vèneto: Storzicòl


The Eurasian Wryneck, Jynx torquilla, is a species of wryneck in the family of woodpeckers.

This species breeds in temperate regions of Europe and Asia. It is migratory, wintering in tropical Africa and southern Asia. It is a bird of open woodland and orchards. On migration it is frequently seen in sandy areas, where it forages for ants.

Their bills are shorter and less dagger-like than in the true woodpeckers, but their chief prey is ants and other insects, which they find in decaying wood or almost bare soil. They re-use woodpecker holes for nesting, rather than making their own holes. The eggs are white, as with many hole nesters.

These birds get their English name from their ability to turn their heads almost 180 degrees. When disturbed at the nest, they use this snake-like head twisting and hissing as a threat display. This odd behaviour led to their use in witchcraft, hence to put a "jinx" on someone.


* Jynx torquilla chinensis Hesse, 1911
* Jynx torquilla himalayana Vaurie, 1959
* Jynx torquilla mauretanica Rothschild, 1909
* Jynx torquilla sarudnyi Loudon, 1912
* Jynx torquilla torquilla Linnaeus, 1758
* Jynx torquilla tschusii O. Kleinschmidt,1907

Source: Wikispecies, Wikipedia: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License


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