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Glaucidium (Surniinae)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Strigiformes
Familia: Strigidae
Subfamilia: Surniinae
Genus: Glaucidium

Species: G. albertinum - G. bolivianum - G. brasilianum - G. brodiei - G. californicum - G. capense - G. castaneum - G. castanonotum - G. castanopterum - G. cobanense - G. costaricanum - G. cuculoides - G. gnoma - G. griseiceps - G. hardyi - G. hoskinsii - G. jardinii - G. minutissimum - G. mooreorum - G. nanum - G. nubicola - G. palmarum - G. parkeri - G. passerinum - G. perlatum - G. peruanum - G. radiatum - G. sanchezi - G. siju - G. sjostedti - G. tephronotum - G. tucumanum

Name

Glaucidium Boie, 1826

Reference

Isis, oder Encyclopädische Zeitung 19 col.970

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Deutsch: Sperlingskäuze
English: Pygmy owl
Español: caburé, mochuelo
Français: Chevêchette
Lietuvių: Žvirblinės pelėdos

Pygmy Owls are members of the genus Glaucidium. They belong to the typical owl family Strigidae, one of the two generally accepted living families of owls. The genus consists of about 26 to 35 species distributed worldwide. The exact number of species is somewhat disputed.

These are mostly small owls, and some of the species are called "owlets". Most pygmy owl species are nocturnal and hunt mainly large insects and other small prey.

Species

* Eurasian Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium passerinum
* Collared Owlet, Glaucidium brodiei
* Pearl-spotted Owlet, Glaucidium perlatum
* Northern Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium californicum
* Mountain Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium gnoma
* Guatemalan Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium cobanense
* Baja Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium hoskinsii
* Costa Rican Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium costaricanum
* Cloud-forest Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium nubicola
* Andean Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium jardinii
* Yungas Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium bolivianum
* Colima Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium palmarum
* Tamaulipas Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium sanchezi
* Central American Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium griseiceps
* Subtropical Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium parkeri
* Amazonian Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium hardyi
* Pernambuco Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium mooreorum
* Least Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium minutissimum
* Ferruginous Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium brasilianum
o Ridgway's Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium (brasilianum) ridgwayi
* Tucuman Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium tucumanum
* Peruvian Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium peruanum
* Austral Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium nanum
* Cuban Pygmy-owl, Glaucidium siju
* Red-chested Owlet, Glaucidium tephronotum
* Sjostedt's Owlet, Glaucidium sjostedti
* Asian Barred Owlet, Glaucidium cuculoides
* Javan Owlet, Glaucidium castanopterum
* Jungle Owlet, Glaucidium radiatum
* Chestnut-backed Owlet, Glaucidium castanonotum
* African Barred Owlet, Glaucidium capense
o Ngami Owlet, Glaucidium (capense) ngamiense
o Scheffler's Owlet, Glaucidium (capense) scheffleri
* Albertine Owlet, Glaucidium albertinum
* Chestnut Owlet, Glaucidium castaneum

The supposed prehistoric species "Glaucidium" dickinsoni is now recognized as a burrowing owl, probably a paleosubspecies providentiae. Bones of an indeterminate Glaucidium have been recovered from Late Pliocene deposits in Poland (Mlíkovský 2002).

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Source: Wikipedia, Wikispecies: All text is available under the terms of the GNU Free Documentation License

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