Carduelis chloris

Carduelis chloris (*)

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Aves
Subclassis: Carinatae
Infraclassis: Neornithes
Parvclassis: Neognathae
Ordo: Passeriformes
Subordo: Passeri
Parvordo: Passerida
Superfamilia: Passeroidea
Familia: Fringillidae
Genus: Carduelis
Species: Carduelis chloris

Name

Carduelis chloris (Linnaeus, 1758)

Vernacular names
Internationalization
Български: Зеленика (птица)
Česky: Zvonek zelený
Dansk: Grønirisk
Deutsch: Grünling (Vogel)
English: European Greenfinch
Esperanto: Verda fringo
Español: Verderón Común
Ελληνικά: (Ευρωπαϊκός) Φλώρος
Français: Verdier d'Europe
Italiano: Verdone
日本語: アオカワラヒワ
Lietuvių: Žaliukė
Nederlands: Groenling
‪Norsk (nynorsk)‬: Grønfink
‪Norsk (bokmål)‬: Grønnfink
Polski: Dzwoniec
Português: Verdilhão
Suomi: Viherpeippo
Svenska: Grönfink
Türkçe: Florya
Walon: Verdire

The European Greenfinch, or just Greenfinch, Carduelis chloris, is a small passerine bird in the finch family Fringillidae. The genus Carduelis might be split up and in this case, the greenfinches would be separated in their old genus Chloris again.

This bird is widespread throughout Europe, north Africa and south west Asia. It is mainly resident, but some northernmost populations migrate further south. The Greenfinch has also been introduced into both Australia and New Zealand.

Woodland edges, farmland hedges and gardens with relatively thick vegetation are favoured for breeding. It nests in trees or bushes, laying 3-8 eggs.

This species can form large flocks outside the breeding season, sometimes mixing with other finches and buntings. They feed largely on seeds, but also take berries and seeds.

The Greenfinch is 15 cm in length with a wing span of 24.5-27.5 cm and is similar in size and shape to a House Sparrow,[2] but is mainly green, with yellow in the wings and tail. The female and young birds are duller and have brown tones on the back. The bill is thick and conical. The song contains wheezes and twitters, and the male has a "butterfly" display flight.

Etymology

Chloris from the Greek Khloros meaning "green" or "yellowish-green".[3]

References

1. ^ BirdLife International (2004). Carduelis chloris. 2006. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN 2006. www.iucnredlist.org. Retrieved on 2008-06-02.
2. ^ The Birds of the Western Palearctic [Abridged]. OUP. 1997. ISBN 019854099X.
3. ^ Jobling, James A (1991). A Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. OUP. ISBN 0 19 854634 3.

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