Hellenica World

Pimoidae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Superphylum: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Araneomorphae
Infraordo: Araneomorphi
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Araneoidea
Familia: Pimoidae
Genera: Nanoa - Pimoa - Putaoa - Weintrauboa

Name

Pimoidae Wunderlich, 1986

Type genus

Pimoa Chamberlin & Ivie, 1943


References

Hormiga, G. 1994: A revision and cladistic analysis of the spider family Pimoidae (Araneoidea, Araneae). Smithsonian contributions to zoology, (549)
Hormiga, G. 2003: Weintrauboa, a new genus of pimoid spiders from Japan and adjacent islands, with comments on the monophyly and diagnosis of the family Pimoidae and the genus Pimoa (Araneoidea, Araneae). Zoological journal of the Linnean Society, 139: 261-281. doi: 10.1046/j.1096-3642.2003.00072.x PDF
Hormiga, G.; Buckle, D.J.; Scharff, N. 2005: Nanoa, an enigmatic new genus of pimoid spiders from western North America (Pimoidae, Araneae). Zoological journal of the Linnean Society, 145: 249–262. doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.2005.00192.x
Hormiga, G.; Tu, L. 2008: On Putaoa, a new genus of the spider family Pimoidae (Araneae) from China, with a cladistic test of its monophyly and phylogenetic placement. Zootaxa, 1792: 1-21. Abstract & excerpt
Michalik, P.; Hormiga, G. 2010: Ultrastructure of the spermatozoa in the spider genus Pimoa: new evidence for the monophyly of Pimoidae plus Linyphiidae (Arachnida: Araneae). American Museum novitates, (3682) doi: 10.1206/680.1
Wang, Q.; Li, S.; Wang, R.; Paquin, P. 2008: Phylogeographic analysis of Pimoidae (Arachnida: Araneae) inferred from mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase subunit I and nuclear 28S rRNA gene regions. Journal of zoological systematics and evolutionary research, 46: 96-104. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0469.2007.00441.x
Xu, X.; Li, S.-q. 2007: Taxonomic study of the spider family Pimoidae (Arachnida: Araneae) from China. Zoological studies, 46: 483-502. PDF
Xu, X.; Li, S. 2009: Three new pimoid spiders from Sichuan Province, China (Araneae: Pimoidae). Zootaxa, 2298: 55-63. Abstract & excerpt

The Pimoidae spider family is a rather small group of species in four genera. They are monophyletic, and probably closest related to the Linyphiidae.[1]

Distribution


Pimoidae form a relictual group along the western coast of North America, Europe (Alps, Apennines and Cantabrian Mountains of northern Spain) and the Himalayas. This makes a holarctic predecessor probable. In 2003, a species was found in Japan. The species Pimoa cthulhu, described by Gustavo Hormiga in 1994, is named for Howard Phillips Lovecraft's mythological deity Cthulhu.[2]

Genera

Nanoa Hormiga, Buckle & Scharff, 2005

Nanoa enana Hormiga, Buckle & Scharff, 2005 — USA

Pimoa Chamberlin & Ivie, 1943 — North America, Asia, Europe (22 species)

Weintrauboa Hormiga, 2003

Weintrauboa chikunii (Oi, 1979) — Russia, Japan
Weintrauboa contortipes (Karsch, 1881) — Russia, Japan List of Pimoidae species


Footnotes

^ Hormiga 1994
^ Hormiga 1994


References

Hormiga, Gustavo (1994): A Revision and Cladistic Analysis of the Spider Family Pimoidae (Araneoidea: Araneae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 549.
Hormiga, Gustavo (2003): Weintrauboa, a new genus of pimoid spiders from Japan and adjacent islands, with comments on the monophyly and diagnosis of the family Pimoidae and the genus Pimoa (Araneoidea, Araneae). Zoological Journal of the Linnean Society 139: 261-281. PDF
Platnick, Norman I. (2007): The world spider catalog, version 8.0. American Museum of Natural History.

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