Hellenica World

Linyphiidae

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Superphylum: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Araneomorphae
Infraordo: Araneomorphi
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Araneoidea
Familia: Linyphiidae
Subfamiliae: Dubiaraneinae - Erigoninae - Ipainae - Linyphiinae - Micronetinae - Mynogleninae - Stemonyphantinae

List of Genera

A

Abacoproeces - Aberdaria - Abiskoa - Acartauchenius - Acorigone - Adelonetria - Afribactrus - Afromynoglenes - Afroneta - Agnyphantes - Agyneta - Agyphantes - Ainerigone - Alaxchelicera - Alioranus - Allomengea - Allotiso - Ambengana - Anacornia - Anguliphantes - Anibontes - Annapolis - Anodoration - Anthrobia - Antrohyphantes - Aphileta - Apobrata - Aprifrontalia - Arachosinella - Araeoncus - Archaraeoncus - Arcterigone - Arcuphantes - Ascetophantes - Asemostera - Asiceratinops - Asiophantes - Asperthorax - Asthenargellus - Asthenargoides - Asthenargus - Atypena - Australolinyphia

B

Bactrogyna - Baryphyma - Baryphymula - Bathylinyphia - Bathyphantes - Batueta - Bifurcia - Birgerius - Bisetifer - Bishopiana - Blestia - Bolephthyphantes - Bolyphantes - Bordea - Brachycerasphora - Bursellia

C

Caenonetria - Callitrichia - Cameroneta - Canariellanum - Canariphantes - Capsulia - Caracladus - Carorita - Cassafroneta - Catacercus - Catonetria - Caucasopisthes - Cautinella - Caviphantes - Centromerita - Centromerus - Centrophantes - Ceraticelus - Ceratinella - Ceratinops - Ceratinopsidis - Ceratinopsis - Ceratocyba - Cheniseo - Chenisides - Cherserigone - Chiangmaia - Chthiononetes - Cinetata - Claviphantes - Cnephalocotes - Collinsia - Coloncus - Comorella - Concavocephalus - Connithorax - Coreorgonal - Cornicephalus - Cresmatoneta - Crispiphantes - Crosbyarachne - Crosbylonia - Cryptolinyphia - Ctenophysis - Cyphonetria

D

Dactylopisthes - Dactylopisthoides - Decipiphantes - Deelemania - Dendronetria - Denisiphantes - Diastanillus - Dicornua - Dicymbium - Didectoprocnemis - Diechomma - Diplocentria - Diplocephaloides - Diplocephalus - Diploplecta - Diplostyla - Diplothyron - Disembolus - Dismodicus - Doenitzius - Dolabritor - Donacochara - Drapetisca - Drepanotylus - Dresconella - Dubiaranea - Dumoga - Dunedinia

E

Eborilaira - Eldonnia - Emenista - Enguterothrix - Entelecara - Eordea - Epibellowia - Epiceraticelus - Epigyphantes - Epigytholus - Episolder - Epiwubana - Eridantes - Erigone - Erigonella - Erigonoploides - Erigonoplus - Erigonops - Erigophantes - Eskovia - Eskovina - Estrandia - Eulaira - Eurymorion - Evansia - Exechopsis - Exocora
F

Fageiella - Falklandoglenes - Fissiscapus - Fistulaphantes - Flagelliphantes - Floricomus - Florinda - Floronia - Formiphantes - Frederickus - Frontella - Frontinella - Frontinellina - Frontiphantes - Fusciphantes

G

Gibbafroneta - Gibothorax - Gigapassus - Glyphesis - Gnathonargus - Gnathonarium - Gnathonaroides - Gonatium - Gonatoraphis - Goneatara - Gongylidiellum - Gongylidioides - Gongylidium - Gorbothorax - Grammonota - Graphomoa - Gravipalpus

H

Habreuresis - Halorates - Haplinis - Haplomaro - Helophora - Helsdingenia - Herbiphantes - Heterolinyphia - Heterotrichoncus - Hilaira - Himalaphantes - Holma - Holmelgonia - Holminaria - Horcotes - Houshenzinus - Hubertella - Hybauchenidium - Hybocoptus - Hylyphantes - Hyperafroneta - Hypomma - Hypselistes - Hypselocara - Hypsocephalus

I

Ibadana - Iberoneta - Icariella - Idionella - Improphantes - Incestophantes - Indophantes - Intecymbium - Ipa - Ipaoides - Islandiana - Ivielum

J

Jacksonella - Jalapyphantes - Janetschekia - Johorea - Juanfernandezia

K

Kaestneria - Kagurargus - Karita - Kenocymbium - Ketambea - Kikimora - Knischatiria - Koinothrix - Kolymocyba - Kratochviliella

L

Labicymbium - Labulla - Labullinyphia - Labullula - Laetesia - Laminacauda - Laminafroneta - Laperousea - Lasiargus - Lepthyphantes - Leptorhoptrum - Leptothrix - Lessertia - Lessertinella - Lidia - Limoneta - Linyphantes - Linyphia - Locketidium - Locketiella - Locketina - Lomaita - Lophomma - Lotusiphantes - Lucrinus - Lygarina

M

Machadocara - Macrargus - Maculoncus - Malkinola - Mansuphantes - Maorineta - Maro - Martensinus - Masikia - Maso - Masoncus - Masonetta - Mecopisthes - Mecynargoides - Mecynargus - Mecynidis - Megafroneta - Megalepthyphantes - Meioneta - Mermessus - Mesasigone - Metafroneta - Metaleptyphantes - Metamynoglenes - Metapanamomops - Metopobactrus - Micrargus - Microbathyphantes - Microctenonyx - Microcyba - Microlinyphia - Microneta - Microplanus - Midia - Miftengris - Millidgea - Millidgella - Millplophrys - Minicia - Minyriolus - Mioxena - Mitrager - Moebelia - Moebelotinus - Molestia - Monocephalus - Monocerellus - Montilaira - Moreiraxena - Moyosi - Mughiphantes - Murphydium - Mycula - Myrmecomelix - Mythoplastoides

N

Napometa - Nasoona - Nasoonaria - Nematogmus - Nenilinium - Nentwigia - Neocautinella - Neodietrichia - Neoeburnella - Neomaso - Neonesiotes - Neriene - Neserigone - Nesioneta - Nippononeta - Nipponotusukuru - Nispa - Notholepthyphantes - Nothophantes - Notiogyne - Notiohyphantes - Notiomaso - Notioscopus - Novafroneta - Novafrontina - Novalaetesia - Nusoncus

O

Oaphantes - Obrimona - Obscuriphantes - Oculocornia - Oedothorax - Oia - Oilinyphia - Okhotigone - Onychembolus - Ophrynia - Oreocyba - Oreoneta - Oreonetides - Oreophantes - Orfeo - Orientopus - Origanates - Orsonwelles - Oryphantes - Ostearius - Ouedia

P

Pachydelphus - Pacifiphantes - Paikiniana - Palaeohyphantes - Palliduphantes - Panamomops - Paracornicularia - Paraeboria - Parafroneta - Paraglyphesis - Paragongylidiellum - Paraletes - Parameioneta - Paranasoona - Parapelecopsis - Parasisis - Paratapinocyba - Paratmeticus -Parawubanoides - Parhypomma - Paro - Patagoneta - Pecado - Pelecopsidis - Pelecopsis - Peponocranium - Perlongipalpus - Perregrinus - Perro - Phanetta - Phlattothrata - Phyllarachne - Piesocalus - Piniphantes - Pityohyphantes - Plaesianillus - Plectembolus - Plesiophantes - Plicatiductus - Pocadicnemis - Pocobletus - Poecilafroneta - Poeciloneta - Porrhomma - Praestigia - Primerigonina - Prinerigone - Priperia - Procerocymbium - Proelauna - Proislandiana - Promynoglenes - Pronasoona - Prosoponoides - Protoerigone - Pseudafroneta - Pseudocarorita - Pseudocyba - Pseudohilaira - Pseudomaro - Pseudomaso - Pseudomicrargus - Pseudomicrocentria - Pseudoporrhomma - Pseudotyphistes - Pseudowubana - Psilocymbium

R

Racata - Rhabdogyna - Ringina - Russocampus - Ryojius

S

Saaristoa - Sachaliphantes - Saitonia - Saloca - Satilatlas - Sauron - Savignia - Savigniorrhipis - Scandichrestus - Schistogyna - Sciastes - Scirites - Scironis - Scolecura - Scolopembolus - Scotargus - Scotinotylus - Scylaceus - Scyletria - Selenyphantes - Semljicola - Sengletus - Shaanxinus - Shanus - Sibirocyba - Silometopoides - Silometopus - Simplicistilus - Sinolinyphia - Sintula - Sisicottus - Sisicus - Sisis - Sisyrbe - Sitalcas - Smermisia - Smodix - Solenysa - Soucron - Souessa - Souessoula - Sougambus - Souidas - Soulgas - Spanioplanus - Sphecozone - Spiralophantes - Spirembolus - Stemonyphantes - Sthelota - Stictonanus - Strandella - Strongyliceps - Styloctetor - Subbekasha - Syedra - Symmigma

T

Tachygyna - Taibainus - Taibaishanus - Tallusia - Tanasevitchia - Tapinocyba - Tapinocyboides - Tapinopa - Tapinotorquis - Taranucnus - Tarsiphantes - Tchatkalophantes - Tennesseellum - Tenuiphantes - Tessamoro - Thainetes - Thaiphantes - Thaleria - Thapsagus - Thaumatoncus - Theoa - Theonina - Thyreobaeus - Thyreosthenius - Tibiaster - Tibioploides - Tibioplus - Tiso - Tmeticides - Tmeticus - Tojinium - Toltecaria - Tomohyphantes - Toschia - Totua - Trachyneta - Traematosisis - Trematocephalus - Trichobactrus - Trichoncoides - Trichoncus - Trichoncyboides - Trichopterna - Trichopternoides - Triplogyna - Troglohyphantes - Troxochrota - Troxochrus - Tubercithorax - Tunagyna - Turbinellina - Turinyphia - Tusukuru - Tutaibo - Tybaertiella - Typhistes - Typhlonyphia - Typhochrestinus - Typhochrestoides - Typhochrestus

U

Uahuka - Uapou - Ulugurella - Ummeliata - Uralophantes - Ussurigone - Uusitaloia

V

Vagiphantes - Venia - Vermontia - Vesicapalpus - Victorium

W

Wabasso - Walckenaeria - Walckenaerianus - Wiehlea - Wiehlenarius - Wubana - Wubanoides

Y

Yakutopus

Z

Zerogone - Zornella - Zygottus

Name

Linyphiidae Blackwall, 1859

References

* Arnedo, M.A.; Hormiga, G.; Scharff, N. (in press): Higher-level phylogenetics of linyphiid spiders (Araneae, Linyphiidae) based on morphological and molecular evidence. Cladistics
* Beatty, J.A.; Berry, J.W.; Millidge, A.F. 1991: The linyphiid spiders of Micronesia and Polynesia, with notes on distributions and habitats. Bull. Br. arachnol. Soc., 8: 265-274.
* Forster, R.R.; Millidge, A.F.; Court, D.J. 1988: The spiders of New Zealand. Part VI. Cyatholipidae, Linyphiidae, Araneidae. Otago Museum bulletin, 6.
* Hormiga, G. 1994: Cladistics and the comparative morphology of linyphiid spiders and their relatives (Araneae, Araneoidea, Linyphiidae). Zoological journal of the Linnean Society, 111: 1-71. [1]
* Hormiga, G. 1999: Cephalothoracic sulci in linyphiine spiders (Araneae, Linyphiidae, Linyphiinae). Journal of arachnology, 27: 94–102. [2]
* Millidge, A.F. 1984: The taxonomy of the Linyphiidae, based chiefly on the epigynal and tracheal characters (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Bull. Br. arachnol. Soc., 6: 229-267.
* Millidge, A.F. 1985: Some linyphiid spiders from South America (Araneae, Linyphiidae). American Museum novitates, 2836. [3]
* Penney, D.; Selden, P.A. 2002: The oldest linyphiid spider, in lower Cretaceous Lebanese amber (Araneae, Linyphiidae, Linyphiinae). Journal of arachnology, 30: 487–493. [4]
* Platnick, N. I. 2009. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.5. American Museum of Natural History. [5]

Vernacular names
English: Linyphiidae
한국어: 접시거미과

Linyphiidae is a family of spiders, including more than 4,300 described species in 578 genera worldwide. This makes Linyphiidae the second largest family of spiders after the Salticidae. New species are still being discovered throughout the world, and the family is poorly known. Because of the difficulty in identifying such tiny spiders, there are regular changes in taxonomy as species are combined or divided.

Spiders in this family are commonly known as sheet weavers (from the shape of their webs), or money spiders (in the United Kingdom, Ireland and in Portugal, from the superstition that if such a spider is seen running on you, it has come to spin you new clothes, meaning financial good fortune).

There are six subfamilies, of which Linyphiinae (the sheetweb spiders), Erigoninae (the dwarf spiders), and Micronetinae, contain the majority of described species.

Common genera include Neriene, Lepthyphantes, Erigone, Eperigone, Bathyphantes, Troglohyphantes, the monotypic genus Tennesseellum and many others. These are among the most abundant spiders in the temperate regions, although many are also found in the tropics. The generally larger bodied members of the subfamily Linyphiinae are commonly found in classic bowl and doily webs or filmy domes. The usually tiny members of the Erigoninae are builders of tiny sheet webs. These tiny spiders (usually 3 mm or less) commonly balloon even as adults and may be very numerous in a given area on one day, only to disappear on the next. Some males of the erigonines are very strange, with their eyes set up on mounds or turrets. This reaches an extreme in some members of the large genus Walckenaeria, where several of the male's eyes are placed on a stalk taller than the carapace.

A few spiders in this family include:

Bowl and doily spider, Frontinella communis
Filmy dome spider, Neriene radiata
Blacktailed red sheetweaver, Florinda coccinea

Distribution

Spiders of this family occur nearly worldwide. In Norway many species have been found walking on snow at temperatures of down to -7 °C.

Taxonomy

The Pimoidae are the sister group to the Linyphiidae.[2]

Many species have been described in monotypic genera, especially in the Erigoninae, which probably reflects the scientific techniques traditionally used in this family.[2]

Predators

Goldcrests are known to among the birds that prey on money spiders.[3]

References

^ Cirrus Digital, Sheetweb Spider - Drapetisca alteranda
^ a b c Hormiga 2000
^ RSPB Birds magazine, Winter 2004


Footnotes

Hormiga, G. (1998). The spider genus Napometa (Araneae, Araneoidea, Linyphiidae). Journal of Arachnology 26:125-132 PDF
Hormiga, Gustavo (2000): Higher Level Phylogenetics of Erigonine Spiders (Araneae, Linyphiidae, Erigoninae). Smithsonian Contributions to Zoology 609. (160 pages) PDF
Bosselaers, J & Henderickx, H. (2002) A new Savignia from Cretan caves (Araneae: Linyphiidae). Zootaxa 109:1-8 PDF
Hågvar, S. & Aakra, K. 2006. Spiders active on snow in Southern Norway. Norw. J. Entomol. 53, 71-82.
Platnick, Norman I. (2007): The world spider catalog, version 8.0. American Museum of Natural History.

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