Hellenica World

Cyrtophora

Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Protostomia
Superphylum: Ecdysozoa
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Chelicerata
Classis: Arachnida
Ordo: Araneae
Subordo: Araneomorphae
Infraordo: Araneomorphi
Series: Entelegynae
Superfamilia: Araneoidea
Familia: Araneidae
Subfamilia: Cyrtophorinae
Genus: Cyrtophora
Species: C. admiralia - C. beccarii - C. bicauda - C. bidenta - C. caudata - C. cephalotes - C. cicatrosa - C. citricola - C. cordiformis - C. cylindroides - C. diazoma - C. doriae - C. eczematica - C. exanthematica - C. feai - C. forbesi - C. gemmosa - C. guangxiensis - C. hainanensis - C. hirta - C. jabalpurensis - C. koronadalensis - C. ksudra - C. lacunaris - C. lahirii - C. larinioides - C. leucopicta - C. limbata - C. lineata - C. moluccensis - C. monulfi - C. nareshi - C. parangexanthematica - C. parnasia - C. petersi - C. subacalypha - C. unicolor

Name

Cyrtophora Simon, 1864

Type species: Cyrtophora citricola Forsskål, 1775

Synonyms

* Suzumia Nakatsudi, 1943

References

* Platnick, N. I. 2008. The World Spider Catalog, version 9.0. American Museum of Natural History. [1]

Vernacular names
English: Tent-web spiders

The Tent-web spiders (genus Cyrtophora), although technically orb-web spiders (family Araneidae), do not build orb webs. Their tent-like, highly complex non-sticky web is sometimes considered a precursor of the simplified orb-web. These webs are aligned horizontally, with a network of supporting threads above them. These spiders often live in colonies. Females have a body length of mostly about 10 mm.
A tent-web spider (Cyrtophora moluccensis) suspended beneath its web

Some members (e.g. Cyrtophora cicatrosa) exhibit the ability to change colour rapidly.[1]

Species

Cyrtophora acrobalia (Thorell, 1895) — Myanmar
Cyrtophora admiralia Strand, 1913 — Admiralty Islands
Cyrtophora beccarii (Thorell, 1878) — Malaysia to New Guinea
Cyrtophora bicauda (Saito, 1933) — Taiwan
Cyrtophora bidenta Tikader, 1970 — India
Cyrtophora caudata Bösenberg & Lenz, 1895 — East Africa
Cyrtophora cephalotes Simon, 1877 — Philippines
Cyrtophora cicatrosa (Stoliczka, 1869) — Pakistan to New Guinea
Cyrtophora citricola (Forsskål, 1775) — Old World, Hispaniola, Colombia
Cyrtophora citricola abessinensis Strand, 1906 — Ethiopia
Cyrtophora citricola lurida Karsch, 1879 — West Africa
Cyrtophora citricola minahassae Merian, 1911 — Sulawesi
Cyrtophora cordiformis (L. Koch, 1871) — New Guinea, Queensland, Lord Howe Islands
Cyrtophora cylindroides (Walckenaer, 1842) — China to Australia
Cyrtophora cylindroides scalaris Strand, 1915 — New Britain
Cyrtophora diazoma (Thorell, 1890) — Sumatra
Cyrtophora doriae (Thorell, 1881) — New Guinea, Bismarck Arch.
Cyrtophora eczematica (Thorell, 1892) — Malaysia, Java, Sulawesi, New Guinea
Cyrtophora exanthematica (Doleschall, 1859) — Myanmar to Philippines, New Guinea
Cyrtophora feai (Thorell, 1887) — India to Myanmar
Cyrtophora forbesi (Thorell, 1890) — Sumatra
Cyrtophora gemmosa Thorell, 1899 — Cameroon
Cyrtophora guangxiensis Yin et al., 1990 — China
Cyrtophora hainanensis Yin et al., 1990 — China
Cyrtophora hirta L. Koch, 1872 — Queensland
Cyrtophora jabalpurensis Gajbe & Gajbe, 1999 — India
Cyrtophora koronadalensis Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 — Philippines
Cyrtophora ksudra Sherriffs, 1928 — India
Cyrtophora lacunaris Yin et al., 1990 — China
Cyrtophora lahirii Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2004 — Bangladesh
Cyrtophora larinioides Simon, 1895 — Cameroon
Cyrtophora leucopicta (Urquhart, 1890) — Fiji
Cyrtophora limbata (Thorell, 1898) — Myanmar
Cyrtophora lineata Kulczynski, 1910 — Solomon Islands, Bismarck Arch.
Cyrtophora moluccensis (Doleschall, 1857) — India to Japan, Australia
Cyrtophora moluccensis albidinota Strand, 1911 — Caroline Islands, Palau, Yap
Cyrtophora moluccensis bukae Strand, 1911 — Solomon Islands
Cyrtophora moluccensis cupidinea Thorell, 1875 — New Caledonia
Cyrtophora moluccensis margaritacea (Doleschall, 1859) — Java
Cyrtophora moluccensis rubicundinota Strand, 1911 — Keule Islands, near New Guinea
Cyrtophora monulfi Chrysanthus, 1960 — New Guinea
Cyrtophora nareshi Biswas & Raychaudhuri, 2004 — Bangladesh
Cyrtophora parangexanthematica Barrion & Litsinger, 1995 — Philippines
Cyrtophora parnasia L. Koch, 1872 — Australia, Tasmania
Cyrtophora petersi Karsch, 1878 — Mozambique
Cyrtophora subacalypha (Simon, 1882) — Aden
Cyrtophora unicolor (Doleschall, 1857) — Sri Lanka to Philippines, Australia

References

^ "Spider Ecology". Earth-Life Web Productions.

Tso, I.M. & Severinghaus, L.L. (2000). Argyrodes fissifrons inhabiting webs of Cyrtophora hosts: Prey size distribution and population characteristics. Zoological Studies. 39:236–242. PDF
Álvares, É.S.S. & De Maria, M. (2004). First record of Cyrtophora citricola (Forskål) in Brazil (Araneae, Araneidae). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 21(1):155-156 PDF doi:10.1590/S0101-81752004000100026

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