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Juliet (pronounced /ˈdʒuːliət/ JEW-lee-ət, or /ˌdʒuːliˈɛt/ JEW-lee-ET) is an inner satellite of Uranus. It was discovered from the images taken by Voyager 2 on 3 January 1986, and was given the temporary designation S/1986 U 2.[7] It is named after the heroine of William Shakespeare's play Romeo and Juliet. It is also designated Uranus XI.[8]

Juliet belongs to Portia Group of satellites, which also includes Bianca, Cressida, Desdemona, Portia, Rosalind, Cupid, Belinda and Perdita.[6] These satellites have similar orbits and photometric properties.[6] Unfortunately, other than its orbit,[1] radius of 53 km[2] and geometric albedo of 0.08[6] virtually nothing is known about it.

At the Voyager 2 images Juliet appears as an elongated object, the major axis pointing towards Uranus. The ratio of axises of the Juliet's prolate spheroid is 0.5 ± 0.3, which is rather an extreme value.[2] Its surface is grey in color.[2]

Juliet may collide with Desdemona within the next 100 million years.[9]

References

1. ^ a b c d e Jacobson, R.A. (1998). "The Orbits of the Inner Uranian Satellites From Hubble Space Telescope and Voyager 2 Observations". The Astronomical Journal 115: 1195–1199. doi:10.1086/300263. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/1998AJ....115.1195J. edit
2. ^ a b c d e f g Karkoschka, Erich (2001). "Voyager's Eleventh Discovery of a Satellite of Uranus and Photometry and the First Size Measurements of Nine Satellites". Icarus 151: 69–77. doi:10.1006/icar.2001.6597. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001Icar..151...69K. edit
3. ^ a b "Planetary Satellite Physical Parameters". JPL (Solar System Dynamics). 24 October 2008. http://ssd.jpl.nasa.gov/?sat_phys_par. Retrieved 12 December 2008.
4. ^ Williams, Dr. David R. (23 November 2007). "Uranian Satellite Fact Sheet". NASA (National Space Science Data Center). http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/factsheet/uraniansatfact.html. Retrieved 12 December 2008.
5. ^ a b c d e f Calculated on the basis of other parameters
6. ^ a b c d Karkoschka, Erich (2001). "Comprehensive Photometry of the Rings and 16 Satellites of Uranus with the Hubble Space Telescope". Icarus 151: 51–68. doi:10.1006/icar.2001.6596. http://adsabs.harvard.edu/abs/2001Icar..151...51K. edit
7. ^ Smith, B. A. (January 16 1986). "IAU Circular No. 4164". http://cfa-www.harvard.edu/iauc/04100/04164.html#Item1. Retrieved 6 August 2006.
8. ^ "Planet and Satellite Names and Discoverers". Gazetteer of Planetary Nomenclature. USGS Astrogeology. July 21 2006. http://planetarynames.wr.usgs.gov/append7.html. Retrieved 6 August 2006.
9. ^ Duncan, Martin J.; Jack J. Lissauer (1997). "Orbital Stability of the Uranian Satellite System". Icarus 125 (1): 1–12. doi:10.1006/icar.1996.5568.


External links

* Juliet Profile by NASA's Solar System Exploration
* Juliet + Ring diagram (Courtesy of Astronomy Magazine 2005)
* Uranus' Known Satellites (by Scott S. Sheppard)

Moons of Uranus

Astronomy Encyclopedia

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